Why Is Glaucoma The Sneak Thief Of Sight?

Why Is Glaucoma, The Sneak Thief Of Sight?If you’re one of the millions of Australians who regularly see an optometrist, you’re probably familiar with having your eye pressure checked as part of a comprehensive eye examination.

Oxygen Therapy Doesn’t Benefit Everyone With COPD

Oxygen Therapy Doesn’t Benefit Everyone With COPDA new study indicates that supplemental oxygen does not benefit a large group of patients with COPD: those with moderately low levels of oxygen in the blood.

What To Do When A Loved One Says, "I Have Cancer"

What to Do When a Loved One Says, "I Have Cancer"
More and more people must struggle with how to face the new reality of a life-threatening disease. And over on the sidelines, friends and loved ones struggle with how best to support them.

The Great Deception: Finding Your True Heart

The Great Deception: Finding Your True HeartIt always seems strange to me that when they play the national anthem, almost everyone holds their hand over their heart, off to the side of their chest. But wait a minute! That's not where our heart is at all. Our heart is in the exact center of our chest...

Hearing Voices Is More Common Than You Think

Hearing Voices Is More Common Than You ThinkHearing voices that other people can’t is a meaningful experience. Like dreams, they can usually be understood in terms of one’s life experiences.

What Is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome And How To Treat It?

What Is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome And How To Treat It?It often begins as an easily dismissed tingle in the thumb or an ache in the wrist. Building slowly but persistently to a searing, tearing pain from the wrist to the fingers.

What Causes Knock Knees And Do They Have To Be Treated?

Pathological knock knees Wikimedia CommonsKnock knees, also known as genu valgum, is a type of knee alignment seen when a child (or adult) stands up straight with their knees together, but their feet and ankles stay apart.

Can Drinking Coffee Reduce Your Dementia Risk?

Can Drinking Coffee Reduce Your Dementia Risk?Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia, is a growing problem worldwide. There are 350,000 people with dementia in Australia and this is set to rise to 900,000 by 2050. There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease.

Is There A Natural Limit To How Long Humans Can Live?

Is There A Natural Limit To How Long Humans Can Live?Humans may live longer and longer, but eventually we all grow old and die. This leads to a simple question: is there an intrinsic maximum limit to human lifespan or not?

What Happens When People With Autism Grow Old?

What Happens When People With Autism Grow Old?If you mention autism to most people they will think about children, but it is a lifelong diagnosis. Children with autism grow up to be adults with autism. Little is known about how the symptoms change with age.

How Brain Training Could Add Years Behind The Wheel

How Brain Training Could Add Years Behind The WheelOlder adults who participate in training designed to improve cognitive ability are more likely to continue driving over the next 10 years than those who don’t, research shows.

What Is Conjunctivitis And How Did I Get It?

What Is Conjunctivitis And How Did I Get It?Conjunctivitis is an eye disease that has been described since antiquity. Ancient Roman oculists, the eye physicians of the time, prescribed remedies such as vinegar lotions and copper oxide for its treatment.

Restoring Balance and Harmony With A Divine Energy Time-Budget Plan

Restoring Balance and Harmony With A Divine Energy Time Budget PlanI often get the question how I manage to find the time to do so many things, and my answer is always the same: I have learnt to give myself time. In order to not get overwhelmed, or waste my inner energy, I had to learn how to structure my life in such a way that there was plenty of relaxation time...

Can A Simple Blood Test Detect Cancer?

Can A Simple Blood Test Detect Cancer?Breast cancer could be detected using a blood test, according to reports out today. Scientists at the Australian National University (ANU) are working with counterparts in France to make this form of cancer detection, that is far less invasive and expensive than other tests such as biopsies, a reality.

What's Wrong with Me? Burnout or Depression?

Burnout or Depression? What's Wrong with Me?I wanted to know precisely why I felt like a zombie. Was I stressed out of my mind, overloaded with information that was jamming my gray matter and making myself so crazy-busy that I was running on empty? Had I become a poster child for Prozac, or was I...

What Is Spice And Why Is The Drug So Dangerous?

What Is Spice And Why Is The Drug So Dangerous?Synthetic cannabis, of which Spice is an example, is linked to serious health issues ranging from difficulties breathing to psychotic episodes.

What Are Cataracts and How Are They Treated?

What Are Cataracts and How Are They Treated?Nearly one-third of Australians aged 55 or over (or around 1.5 million people) have an untreated cataract. In 2013-14, there were 229,693 hospital admissions for cataract surgeries, making cataracts one of the most prevalent conditions among Australians.

There Is More Than One Kind Of Alzheimer’s Disease

There Is More Than One Kind Of Alzheimer’s DiseaseRelying on clinical symptoms of memory loss to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease may miss other forms of dementia caused by Alzheimer’s that don’t initially affect memory, a new study suggests.

Quitting Smoking Pays Off, Even For Those Considered High-risk

Quitting Smoking Pays Off, Even For Those Considered High-riskQuitting smoking improves health and lowers odds of developing lung cancer. And even among smokers with a genetic predisposition to smoking heavily and developing lung cancer at a young age, the benefits of quitting are significant.

What Are The Signs Of Meningococcal Meningitis?

Stories of meningococcal outbreaks tell us it’s that season again. But what is meningococcal meningitis, why does it occur in seasons, and why does it strike fear into the hearts of so many?

How To Know Whether To Forgo Chemo For Early Stage Breast Cancer

How To Know Whether To Forgo Chemo For Early Stage Breast CancerThere has been substantial publicity about the MINDACT trial, which could lead to changes in breast cancer treatment. The study’s results suggest that women with a certain genetic profile would have a good chance of survival and cure regardless of chemotherapy.

Why Singing May Help People With Dementia

Why Singing May Help People With DementiaA few years ago, I was in the audience for a live radio show, when the renowned American country singer Glen Campbell took to the stage.

Concussions In Children Have Implications Beyond What We Thought

Concussions In Children Have Implications Beyond What We ThoughtHead knocks in childhood are by no means uncommon, yet they may have lasting negative effects. New research has found a link between concussion in childhood and adverse medical and social outcomes as an adult.

4 Tips for Using Your Brain to Calm Pain

4 Tips for Using Your Brain to Calm PainAbout 100 million Americans—one in three people—suffer from ongoing pain that impacts their daily lives. Chronic pain has fueled a pain treatment crisis resulting in the overprescribing of risky opioids. The tragic deaths of celebrities such as Prince have brought the issue to public awareness in a way that statistics can't.

5 Misconceptions About Lower Back Pain

5 Misconceptions About Lower Back PainLower back pain is the greatest source of global disability, ahead of nearly 300 other conditions, leading to huge levels of healthcare costs and suffering. And the effects go far beyond pain, weakness and stiffness – they also have a huge impact the social and family lives of sufferers.

Miserable and Clueless as to Why?

Miserable, and Clueless as to whyIf you’re feeling frustrated, aggravated, or disempowered, and if you catch yourself always blaming other people for your problems or complaining about their performance, you need to connect with what is really going on. You need a real...

Zika Virus Echoes Of US Rubella Outbreak Of 1964-65

The Zika Virus Echoes Of US Rubella Outbreak Of 1964-65Just over 50 years ago, a highly contagious but seemingly harmless virus swept through the United States, infecting as many as 12.5 million people. In both adults and children, the virus presented as a mild illness, but caused birth defects in some babies born to women who were infected while pregnant.

Diabetes Treatment Could Be Revolutionized By Making People Cold

Diabetes Treatment Could Be Revolutionized By Making People ColdFor people in northern countries enjoying summer sun, I hate to put a dampener on things but winter’s coming. The cold months can seem to go on forever, yet scientists are uncovering a new reason to be grateful for them.

Is Addiction A Disease Or Behavioral Problem?

 If people see their addiction as a learnt behaviour, will it be easier for them to stop? f

We used to think of “addiction”, or what we now call dependence, as a moral failing. This had the result of blaming the person who was addicted – it was a matter of willpower and they just weren’t trying hard enough. So the obvious solution was shaming and scolding until they did.

The A, B, C, D And E Of Hepatitis

Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. While we usually think of hepatitis A to E viruses, anything that causes inflammation or damage to the liver can be considered as a form of hepatitis.

Type 2 Diabetes Increasingly Affects The Young And Slim

Type 2 Diabetes Increasingly Affects The Young And SlimIt is well recognised that increasing rates of type 2 diabetes are mainly driven by obesity and lifestyle factors. But that’s not the whole story. Genetics and epigenetics – changes in gene expression – also play an important role.

Memory And Sense Of Self May Play More Of A Role In Autism

Memory And Sense Of Self May Play More Of A Role In AutismIt’s well-known that those with autism spectrum disorders including Asperger’s syndrome develop difficulties with social communication and show stereotyped patterns of behaviour.

Is Natural Selection The Answer To The Cancer Riddle?

Is Natural Selection The Answer To The Cancer Riddle?Essential organs tasked with keeping us alive and reproducing – such as the heart, brain or uterus – may have evolved better protection against cancer than larger and paired organs, we have proposed.

If I Develop Alzheimer's, Will My Children Get It Too?

If You Develop Alzheimer's, Will Your Children Get It Too?The most common question I get asked is “Will my child get Alzheimer’s disease?” In my experience, this concern is one of the biggest worries for sufferers, and given the devastating effects of the disease, it is not hard to see why it is a difficult thought to contemplate.

House Dust Reveals How Amish Kids Avoid Asthma

House Dust Reveals How Amish Kids Avoid AsthmaSpecific aspects of the Amish environment are associated with changes to immune cells that appear to protect children from developing asthma, report researchers.

The Keys to Emotional Balance based on Principles of Chinese Medicine

The Keys to Emotional Balance based on Principles of Chinese MedicineMost Eastern styles of medicine pay just as much attention to the patient’s state of mind as to the state of his or her tissues and organs. This insight and acknowledgment of the whole person rather than reducing us to our individual body parts is based on healing methods centuries old that survive because they work.

What A Hominid Fossil Can Teach Us About Cancer

Volume rendered image of the external morphology of the foot bone shows the extent of expansion of the primary bone cancer beyond the surface of the bone. Patrick Randolph-Quinney (UCLAN)In late July, an international team of researchers announced that they had identified evidence of cancer in the fossilized remains of a biological relative of human beings who lived about 1.7 million years ago.

Is A Solution To Antibiotic Resistance Right Under Our Noses?

Is A Solution To Antibiotic Resistance Right Under Our Noses?Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928 and revolutionised the treatment of bacterial infections. Ever since then we have been searching for new antibiotics to address the myriad of infections humans encounter and the growing risk of resistance to them.

Everything You Need To Know About Chickenpox

Everything You Need To Know About ChickenpoxRecent calls for the introduction of a vaccine against chickenpox (varicella-zoster virus infection) following a severe case of the disease in Cambridge, England may surprise many parents who consider the disease to be a mild illness that “everyone gets”.

Why You Could Be At Risk For Diabetes

Risk For Diabetes 8 8Type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions, with an estimated 29 million people in the U.S. having the disease and another 86 million considered prediabetic. With an estimated cost of US$245 billion, prevention becomes critically important to stem the tide of increasing diabetes prevalence.

What Governments Can Do About The Mental Health Crisis

Mental Health CrisisA recent report by the Mental Health Network, found that 19% of adults had been diagnosed with depression at some point in their lives, while as many as one in four people experience a mental health problem in any given year.

Why Normal People Experience Road Rage?

Why Normal People Experience Road Rage?Anger can be very quick, powerful, reactive, and can make us do things we typically wouldn’t do. There is nothing inherently wrong with anger as an emotion, but nowhere is anger less helpful, more common, and potentially more dangerous than when we are behind the wheel of a car.

What Science Knows About The Cure For HIV

What Science Knows About The Cure For HIVAntiretroviral therapy has revolutionised the lives of people living with HIV. In many countries, the life expectancy for someone living with the virus is now almost the same as someone who isn’t infected.

Delirium May Raise Risk Of Dying In Nursing Homes

A new analysis of the medical records of more than 5.5 million older adults admitted to nursing homes between 2011 and 2014 shows that those with delirium face an increased risk of death. They’re also more likely to be readmitted to the hospital.

How To Get More Sleep While Raising Children With ADHD

How To Get More Sleep While Raising Children With ADHDRaising a child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can be difficult. Some days feel long and the respite of a peaceful night, so rejuvenating for many, may not come at all

Myths About Gout Are Hampering Its Treatment

Myths About Gout Are Hampering Its TreatmentThe prevalence of gout is increasing worldwide. It has become the most common cause of inflammatory arthritis in men, and its prevalence in postmenopausal women continues to rise. This increase is due to changes in diet and lifestyle, increased use of certain diuretics and increasing obesity.

6 Things To Consider When Looking For A Home For Dementia Care

6 Things To Consider When Looking For A Home For Dementia CareAdmitting a loved one to a nursing home is a difficult decision and is usually only arrived at once the person’s care needs cannot be met by the family and community-based services. Dementia has profound consequences for the quality of life for those with the condition, their family and friends.

London's Great Smog Offers Clues To Asthma's Cause

London's Great Smog Offers Clues To Asthma's CauseAsthma is a chronic respiratory condition with no known cure. It impacts people of all ages through episodic constrictions of the airways, which may be even worse than it sounds.

Simple Hearing Test May Predict Autism Risk

Simple Hearing Test May Predict Autism RiskScientists have identified an inner ear deficiency in children with autism that may affect their ability to recognize speech. The finding suggests that a hearing test could one day be used identify children at risk for the disorder at an early age.

Should We Be Routinely Screened For Melanoma?

Should We Be Routinely Screened For Melanoma?The United States Preventive Services Task Force has released a report saying there isn’t enough evidence to recommend that clinicians perform visual screening for melanomas for patients with no known risk for the skin cancer.

Will Kids Grow Out Of Childhood Asthma?

Will Kids Grow Out Of Childhood Asthma?When a child is diagnosed with asthma, parents usually have a number of questions. How serious is asthma? Will the child grow out of it?

Metastatic Prostate Cancer Is Up 72% In 10 Years

Metastatic Prostate Cancer Is Up 72% In 10 YearsThe number of new cases of metastatic prostate cancer climbed 72 percent from 2004 to 2013, but it’s unclear whether the rise is due to a recent trend of fewer screenings, the disease becoming more aggressive, or both.

Tapering Off Prescription Opioids: 7 Tips for Success

Tapering Off Prescription Opioids: 7 Tips for SuccessIf you take prescription opioids, you may have experienced withdrawal symptoms at some point—perhaps when you forgot to take a scheduled dose of medication. Opioid withdrawal is highly unpleasant. If you experience withdrawal symptoms, this does not meant that you cannot get off opioids...

What's Behind The Global Rise In Short-sightedness?

What's Behind The Global Rise In Short-sightedness?Over the last century, myopia (short-sightedness) has risen to epidemic proportions. In South-East Asia nearly 90% of school leavers are now affected. In the West the figures are not as dramatic, but it appears to be similarly increasing.

Are Type 2 Diabetes And Obesity Inherited?

Are Type 2 Diabetes And Obesity Inherited?The most exciting recent development in human genetics research has been the ability to perform large-scale systematic studies of genetic variation in thousands of people.

Alzheimer's Breakthrough? Have We Nearly Cured Dementia?

Alzheimer's Breakthrough? Have We Nearly Cured Dementia?My mother-in-law called me yesterday. She doesn’t quite know what I do for a job but has a vague idea I work with a group seeking to understand and ultimately prevent Alzheimer’s disease.

Can Screwy Gut Bacteria Raise Your Diabetes Risk?

Can Screwy Gut Bacteria Raise Your Diabetes Risk?Being overweight and not getting enough exercise are considered major contributors to insulin resistance and, ultimately, type 2 diabetes. But new research suggests specific imbalances in gut bacteria play a role, too

Is It Ethical To Purchase Human Organs?

Is It Ethical To Purchase Human Organs?Organ transplantation saves lives. People with end-stage kidney disease who receive a transplant tend to live much longer than those who undergo dialysis. A kidney from a living donor will last from 12 to 20 years, on average, compared to eight to 12 years for a kidney from a deceased donor.

Know The Signs For Concussions And Kids

Know The Signs For Concussions And KidsHead trauma is a major public health concern in the United States, with indirect and direct health-care costs approaching nearly US$1 billion annually. Worse, head trauma also can cause short- and long-term health problems and, in children, problems with academics, headaches and behavioral health issues.

Should You Worry Early Onset Alzheimer's?

Should You Worry Early Onset Alzheimer's?You have forgotten where you put your car keys, or you can’t seem to remember the name of your colleague you saw in the grocery store the other day. You fear the worst, that maybe these are signs of Alzheimer’s disease.

How Brain Implants Can Let Paralyzed People Move Again

How Brain Implants Can Let Paralyzed People Move AgainSomething as simple as picking up a cup of tea requires an awful lot of action from your body. Your arm muscles fire to move your arm towards the cup. Your finger muscles fire to open your hand then bend your fingers around the handle.

Signs Of Chronic Fatigue Found In Gut Bacteria

Signs Of Chronic Fatigue Found In Gut BacteriaChronic fatigue syndrome, a condition where normal exertion leads to debilitating fatigue that isn’t alleviated by rest, has long mystified scientists. There are no known triggers, and diagnosis requires lengthy tests.

Sex And Other Myths About Weight Loss

Sex And Other Myths About Weight LossThe estimated annual health care costs related to obesity are over $210 billion, or nearly 21 percent of annual medical spending in the United States.

Why Lyme Disease Is Such A Danger

Hitting the target. Hannah Garrison/wikimedia, CC BY-SAOn any ranked list of nasty diseases transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks and fleas in the Western world, Borrelia burgdorferi, would have to lie near the top. These bacteria cause Lyme disease, which was first recognised in the US in the early 1970s among patients in Lyme, Connecticut.

If Only Your Body Could Speak to Your Mind

ralph nader 6 25For thousands of years humans have defended themselves from harm by others. But many have proceeded to regularly harm themselves. They have actively searched for substances to ingest, inhale, inject and apply which may give them some immediate relief but damage or destroy their lives over time.

What Is The Common Cold And How Do We Get It?

What Is The Common Cold And How Do We Get It?The “common cold” is common. Most of us will have at least one or two per year. Children get sick more often and very young children often get more than five colds per year.

Anxiety Opens The Door To Diabetes

Anxiety Opens The Door To DiabetesScientists have uncovered a link between emotional stress and diabetes, with roots in the brain’s ability to control anxiety.

What Is Chronic Pain And Why Is It Hard To Treat?

What Is Chronic Pain And Why Is It Hard To Treat?A recent study by the National Institutes of Health found that more than one in three people in the United States have experienced pain of some sort in the previous three months. Of these, approximately 50 million suffer from chronic or severe pain.

The Road from Joy to Depression: How Do I Choose Differently?

Depression: How Do I Choose Differently?Feelings are very much like the indicator lights on the dashboard of your car — if you are out of gas, the low-fuel light will turn on. If you are focusing on something unwanted, a negative feeling will show up. Your emotional state indicates what you are giving attention to, even if you are not aware of it.

How The British Defeated Napoleon With Citrus Fruit

Blockade of Toulon by Thomas Luny. Wikimedia CommonsEveryone knows that Britain’s conclusive victory over Napoleon was at Waterloo. The story of that day – the squares of infantry repulsing cavalry charges, the Imperial Guard retreating under murderous musket fire delivered by a red line of soliders, the just-in-time arrival of Field Marshal Blücher’s Prussian army – is one of excitement, horror and heroism.

To Fight Zika, Let's Genetically Modify Mosquitoes The Old-fashioned Way

Researchers are working out mass rearing techniques for Aedes mosquitoes – their generation time is only 2.5 weeks. IAEA Imagebank, CC BY-NC-NDThe near panic caused by the rapid spread of the Zika virus has brought new urgency to the question of how best to control mosquitoes that transmit human diseases. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes bite people across the globe, spreading three viral diseases: dengue, chikungunya and Zika.

People With Williams Syndrome Face Extra Risk Online

People With Williams Syndrome Face Extra Risk OnlineMarisa Fisher's research suggests people with Williams syndrome can learn to say no to strangers, refuting past studies that indicated sociability may be hard-wired in individuals with Williams syndrome.

Why Alcohol Makes You Feel Warm And Strange

effects of alcohol 5 29Alcohol: why do we drink it? People have been consuming alcohol for at least 10,000 years. And when drinking water was rather risky, alcohol seemed a much safer bet. Amaldus of Villanova, a 14th-century monk, even wrote that alcohol “prolongs life, clears away ill humors, revives the heart and maintains youth”.

Blame Your Immune System If You Are Mysteriously Itchy

Blame Your Immune System If You Are Mysteriously Itchy"As doctors, we throw things like antihistamines, ointments, and lotions at patients who suffer chronic itching, but if there is something profoundly abnormal about the immune system—as it appears there is—then we can't solve the itching until we address those underlying causes," says Brian S. Kim.

Why There's Fresh Hope For Stroke Patients Who Are Struggling To Communicate

Why There's Fresh Hope For Stroke Patients Who Are Struggling To Communicate“I have something to say. I want to share it with you.” By tapping a few keys in a specific sequence, I have made a code emerge on the screen. When you see these words, the language area of your brain (usually the left side) converts the sequence into meaning. If I have selected well, this meaning will match the message I wanted to convey.

Why The Approach To Tackle This Silent Killer Has Changed

Why The Approach To Tackle This Silent Killer Has ChangedTraditionally, someone who suffered from hypertension – or high blood pressure – would only receive treatment when his or her blood pressure was measured and the reading was found be higher than normal. But this meant that the condition was often picked up only when the person had a stroke or a heart attack – and in many instances this was too late.

How Microvesicles Could Revolutionise Arthritis Treatment

How Microvesicles Could Revolutionise Arthritis TreatmentOsteoarthritis affects about eight million people in the UK, and rheumatoid arthritis a further half a million. Unfortunately, there is no cure. The most advanced treatments available today offer only limited relief from joint pain and swelling.

Your Risk Of Dying Hinges On Well-being Not Diseases

Your Risk Of Dying Hinges On Well-being Not Diseases"A shift of attention is needed from disease-focused management, such as medications for hypertension or high cholesterol, to overall well-being across many areas," says William Dale.

Is Addiction A Brain Disease?

Is Addiction A Brain Disease?The opioid abuse epidemic is a full-fledged item in the 2016 campaign, and with it questions about how to combat the problem and treat people who are addicted.

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