Too few older adults make end-of-life medical decisions ahead of time—and even when they do identify a loved one to make decisions for them, their wishes may remain unclear.
Scientists say removing ovaries during a hysterectomy could increase a woman’s risk for heart disease, cancer, and premature death.
People have long been fascinated with sleepwalkers — by those who roam during the night without awareness, climbing out of windows, walking down the street, urinating in a cupboard, or moving furniture.
Healthy cell function relies on well orchestrated gene activity
Older people in nursing homes or aged care facilities are often locked up “for their own safety”
The woman suffered two strokes in succession. The first was minor and her condition improved quickly. The second came on suddenly and was more severe.
When you think of paranormal experiences it often conjures images of ghosts, aliens or witchcraft.
Public understanding of the needs of military veterans has focused largely post-traumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injuries, suicide rates, and poor conditions at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center.
Estimates suggest that patients receive topical antibiotics for 40 percent of eczema flares, but a new study suggests there is no meaningful benefit from the use of either oral or topical antibiotics for children who are clinically infected with the condition.
The current prognosis for pancreatic cancer is so poor that a UK cancer charity has warned more than 11,000 people are expected to die from the cancer by 2026, and that it will overtake breast cancer to become the fourth-biggest cancer killer.
A recent analysis of a massive study observing the effect of food on the health of nearly 200,000 American health professionals suggested eating more gluten was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
You may be familiar with the experience of a ringing sensation in your ears after a night out enjoying some good music. But what if you were to wake up in the morning and still have the ringing in your ears? And what if the ringing never stopped?
Exercise and/or psychological therapy work better than medications to reduce cancer-related fatigue and should be recommended first to patients, say researchers.
Older adults who go to the emergency department for an illness or injury are at increased risk for disability and decline in physical abilities up to six months later, research shows.
Cancer is among the leading causes of death worldwide. There were approximately 14m new cases diagnosed and 8.2m cancer related deaths in 2012.
Effective breast cancer treatment options are predictable based on the way certain genes act or express themselves, new research shows.
So, your doctor told you that you need insulin therapy for your Type 2 diabetes.
People taking heartburn drugs called proton pump inhibitors—Prevacid, Prilosec, Nexium, and Protonix—may not be aware of kidney damage linked to the medications, research suggests.
Would you want to know if you were at a higher risk of getting dementia later in life?
There’s no easy way to predict which teenager will become a problem drug user. While certain personality traits—impulsiveness for example—may signal danger, not every adolescent fits the description.
The world is getting fatter and it’s making us sicker. But could rising stress levels be playing an important role in our growing waistlines?
A brain-to-computer hookup recently allowed people with severe limb weakness to type via direct brain control at the highest speeds and accuracy levels reported to date.
Would you take a painkiller that had been developed from human saliva? A recent study suggests you might in future.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood physical disability, affecting more than 17 million people worldwide. The condition results when there is an injury to the developing brain that goes on to affect a child’s movement and posture...
A protein that appears to play a vital role in airway function is virtually missing in people who have asthma. The discovery points to a potential new treatment.
The proportion of deaths attributable to diabetes in the US is as high as 12 percent—three times higher than estimates based on death certificates suggest—a new analysis shows.
A new study with worms may help explain how diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s spread in the brain. Sometimes when neurons dispose of toxic waste, neighboring cells get sick.
Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer worldwide and the second biggest killer in the UK. However, most cases of heart disease can be prevented by managing risk factors.
Many of us do things we wish we would not do. We may compulsively eat sugary or fatty things, drink too much alcohol, become a zombie in front of the TV, or whatever. We may judge ourselves as “weak” or “lacking in willpower”, because of this. Maybe we...
Insects often scare or disgust us. But a small proportion of people don’t just experience normal fear.
Pleasure and pain are always coming and going, fluctuating to and fro, sometimes only five minutes apart, doing “their thing” to this flesh-and-bone vehicle, inspiring all kinds of crazy thoughts in our thinking organ—the brain.
We all know and hear a lot about postnatal depression, but what about depression and anxiety during pregnancy?
Under emotional distress, the brain may signal the adrenal glands to produce chemicals called corticosteroids. Cancer-related processes are accelerated in the presence of these chemicals. Certain cancers have also been associated with distressing life events.
Recent reports that cancer rates in UK women are set to rise six times faster than in men over the next two decades will have alarmed many.
How’s your back? About a quarter of Australia’s population experience a back pain episode at any point in time, and nearly all of us (around 85%) will have at least one lifetime experience with back pain.
As the baby boomer generation begins to age, the prevalence of both eye and ear disease will rise exponentially, as there is a strong correlation between vision loss, hearing loss and ageing.
As the world’s population lives longer, the significance of osteoporosis and fractures increases.
Mary Tyler Moore debuted on television in the 1950s, appearing in commercials that aired during a popular show.
New research reveals a new, menopause-specific indicator of heart disease risk—and suggests possible ways to reduce it.
Many infectious diseases are one and done—people get sick once and then they are protected from another bout of the same illness.
The nature of work in the gig economy - where workers have to support themselves and take on the risk associated with the job
The world’s population is ageing. The number of adults aged 65 and over is increasing, as is the proportion of the population they represent. However, there are a number of myths associated with what happens to our brain and bodies as we age.
If you’re offered a plate of blackened barbecue food this summer, you might think twice about eating it. It’s commonly thought that food that has been burnt could cause cancer.
Most of us worry about our health at some point. You may notice a new symptom or change in your body and become convinced it’s a sign of a horrible illness; a loved one might become ill and you might worry it may also happen to you.
As we reach adulthood, we notice changes in our bodies at every stage of ageing. We might find we need glasses when we hit our thirties, we can’t keep weight off as easily into our forties
Given recent events around the world, you could be forgiven for thinking that people have been acting in a very odd and unpredictable manner.
It is well known that high blood pressure is a risk factor for dementia, so the results of a new study from the University of California, Irvine, are quite surprising.
An estimated 400,000 Americans are currently living with multiple sclerosis, an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune cells attack a fatty substance called myelin in the nerves.
When George Michael died last year news reports all over the world announced the cause as heart failure. While they are all related to each other, “heart failure”, “heart attack” and “sudden cardiac arrest” are not synonyms.
People with schizophrenia tend to die up to 30 years earlier than the general population.
There’s nothing quite like the sound of snoring as the ultimate sleep interrupter.
It is common for individuals with autism to have a more intense reaction to stress, and some of these patients seem to experience frequent constipation, abdominal pain, or other gastrointestinal issues...
The anxiety many men experience after being diagnosed with prostate cancer may lead them to choose potentially unnecessary treatment options, researchers report.
No one wants to catch the flu, and the best line of defense is the seasonal influenza vaccine.
Scientists have discovered that a chemical compound—and potential new drug—reduces the spread of melanoma cells by up to 90 percent.
Cardiovascular deaths around the world, such as heart attacks and strokes, peak in January. Why this is the case has baffled scientists for some time, but new evidence is starting to unravel the mystery.
To make the most of your energy, look to nature as your guide. For example, for a plant to survive long term, it requires strong roots–ones that pull in nutrients and water from its environment and give it the strength to carry on.
Currently there is not a single test that can reliably and objectively diagnose concussions, but new research suggests measuring the brain’s response to sound could take the guesswork out of the diagnosis.
The phrase “emerging disease”, to describe an infectious disease that is new to humans or which is suddenly increasing its geographical range or number of cases, dates back to the 1960s.
People with diabetes are prone to foot disease, which can lead to amputations and even death.
It’s a long, hot summer’s day and you’re looking forward to an ice cream. But within seconds of your first bite, you feel a headache coming on: a brain freeze. What’s going on?
Women with breast cancer cite “chemo-brain” as a substantial problem after chemotherapy for as long as six months after treatment, research shows.
The brain may not only control our thoughts and basic physical functions. Recent studies indicate that it also controls the way our body responds to the threat of bacterial infections.
A tool that analyzes the expression patterns of four genes might help doctors predict if prostate cancer will reoccur following surgery.
When a girl’s breasts start growing early, it can be a sign she will develop certain diseases later in life. There is evidence of early puberty leading to increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease and cancer – particularly breast cancer.
Most women experience some type of morning sickness during pregnancy, but some women develop a far more serious condition, hyperemesis gravidarum.
A new study confirms that sense of smell declines sharply in the early stages of Alzheimer’s, which suggests a sniff test might be a helpful diagnostic tool.
Scientists are studying a small group of older adults with excellent memories called “supernormals” to determine their risk for Alzheimer’s.
Scientists have used a wireless “brain-spinal interface” to bypass spinal cord injuries in a pair of rhesus macaques, restoring intentional walking movement to a temporarily paralyzed leg.
A centuries-old herbal medicine, discovered by Chinese scientists and used to effectively treat malaria, may help treat tuberculosis and slow the evolution of drug resistance.
Older adults are less inclined to take risks, but this behavior may be linked to changes in brain anatomy rather than age, new research shows.
The bacteria that cause chronic gum infections may also trigger the autoimmune inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), new evidence suggests.
People in noisy situations should face slightly away from the person they’re listening to and turn one ear towards the speech.
Every night sit comfortably in a chair and rest your head back, like you do at the dentist. You can use a pillow. Don't change your breathing -- let it be natural. By and by your breathing...
New voices, sounds, sights, feelings, tastes, and smells all trigger a brain response called rapid neural adaptation. It is so effortless that we are rarely even aware it’s happening.
Scientists from The University of Melbourne have developed a world-first vaccine to treat gum disease. Their research, published in the journal NPJ Vaccines, has so far only tested the vaccine in mice.
Psychotherapy is just as effective as medications in reducing the severity of symptoms from irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, past research shows.
A common bacterium found in improperly cooked chicken can cause Guillain-Barré Syndrome, or GBS, the world’s leading cause of acute neuromuscular paralysis in humans.
Most people who use alcohol and other drugs do so infrequently and never become dependent (or “addicted” as it’s sometimes called). On average about 10% of people who use alcohol or other drugs are dependent.
One of the most difficult aspects of depression is coping with the negative thoughts that happen moment to moment. People often ask me whether I think you can take an active role in managing and reducing your depression. I answer a very big yes to this question...
A recent thunderstorm asthma event has led some people to question what made this hay fever season so bad and how this tragic event occurred.
A new study challenges the hypothesis that nerve cells in the brains of people with autism spectrum disorders do not reliably and consistently respond to external stimuli.
Some people with normal blood pressure have elevated blood pressure when their doctor takes the reading. This phenomenon is known as “white coat hypertension”.
Is it possible to sneeze without closing your eyes? You might recall the age-old myth that warned against sneezing with open eyes to mitigate the possibility of eyeballs popping out. Tales swirled for decades speculating that...
According to the World Health Organization, iron deficiency – a condition where your body doesn’t have enough of the mineral iron – is a global public health problem of “epidemic proportions”.
The study shows that people who sleep less than six hours a night have a 13% higher mortality rate than those sleeping at least seven hours.
Scientists have discovered for the first time a functional link between bacteria in the intestines and Parkinson’s disease.
Most people have heard of Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia. The disease has no cure and few, but inefficient, treatments.
There have been a multitude of studies attempting to find causes, both genetic and environmental, for autism.
A system of sensors added to defibrillator implants might make it possible to predict heart failure events—sometimes more than a month before they happen.
A middle-aged cigarette smoker who has smoked for decades is two to three times more likely to die early than someone similar who has never smoked.
Scientists have long puzzled over how breast cancer can suddenly reappear, often with a vengeance, months, or years after treatment is complete.
An experimental drug appears to pack a one-two punch against some prostate cancers, significantly slowing the increase of cancer cells and making them more vulnerable to radiation.
Scientists looked at the brains of eight people older than 90 who had superior memories until their deaths. They were surprised to find widespread and dense Alzheimer’s plaques and tangles that...
Your birth year predicts—to a certain extent—how likely you are to get seriously ill or die in an outbreak of an animal-origin influenza virus, new research suggests.
Brain scans of children and teenagers with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) show structural differences between the sexes in one part of the insula
Reovirus, a common virus that causes mild cases of respiratory infection, mainly in children, could be harnessed as an immunotherapy to fight primary liver cancer and hepatitis C.
Type 2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes because it tended to occur mainly in people over the age of 40.
A new study suggests that telephone-based intervention geared specifically to military members shows promise at helping those who are struggling with alcohol abuse.
Experts suggest avoiding war metaphors, such as “attacking” beta amyloid, when talking about Alzheimer’s disease. While war comparisons can motivate efforts to deal with a health issue, this type of language and messaging can also create fear and stigma...