Monique is 77 years old. I met her when she came to the eye clinic at the University of Montréal, where I am a professor.
Humanity’s defences against infection are wearing thinner by the day, and the microbes responsible are getting stronger.
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder affecting one in 350 Australians.
Is it possible that people who are diagnosed with cancer die of a sophisticated form of voodoo? Does the victim's belief in the power of vicious cells, like belief in the power of a hex, lead to his death? 'Cancer' is a demon word -- the destructiveness of cancer begins as soon as the diagnosis is uttered. The word strikes terror to the heart...
For generations, the members of a family in Colombia have gotten early-onset Alzheimer’s disease. How one woman has resisted it could lead to future therapies, researchers say.
Whether you need to take a drug at a specific time of day depends on the medication and the condition you are treating.
You've probably noticed that there's a healing side to exercise: It can chase the blues, help fight stress, and raise your energy. Qigong, t'ai chi, and yoga were used purposefully in ancient cultures as a complement to medical treatment.
We all know our memories get worse as time goes on – your recollection of what you did yesterday is probably a lot better than for the same day three years ago.
Cancer patients most often head to the emergency department for pain, nausea, and shortness of breath, research finds.
|Antibiotic resistance is spreading fast all over the world. When infectious bacteria mutate in a certain way and then multiply, they can become resistant to even the most powerful drugs
Men with breast cancer are more likely to die than women across all stages of disease, researchers report.
Negative social attitudes, such as racism and discrimination, damage the health of those who are targeted by triggering a cascade of aberrant biological responses
Imagine that you’re a police officer. You spot a car ahead that is swerving all over the road. You pull the driver over and she’s clearly intoxicated.
If you suffer from neck pain, you’re not alone. Spinal pain is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide and its occurrence has increased dramatically over the past 25 years.
Researchers have identified lack of sleep as a cause of serious disorders ranging from diabetes to high stress levels. The results show that it is taking a huge toll on the quality of life -- and the health -- of millions.
Autoimmune diseases, which include a range of around 80 different illnesses from rheumatoid arthritis to type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis, occur when the immune system attacks the body.
More than 50m people worldwide are currently living with dementia. With an ageing population, it’s likely that this number will only continue to grow, as getting older is one of the biggest risk factors in developing dementia.
More than 7m people in the UK have high blood pressure; it is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes, associated with one in four deaths.
Decline in brain function often occurs as people age. People often worry that declining brain function is an inevitable part of growing old and will lead to dementia, but it is not. Many people do not experience age-related cognitive decline.
As the flu season gets started, what can you do to protect yourself and stay healthy?
Dr. Sanjay Gupta looks into what researchers are doing to combat a flurry of vaping-related illnesses.
For those in the military, high levels of dedication and commitment are expected from day one on the job – and this includes the risks that come with combat deployments.
Why do we age? It’s a question that has had scientists scratching their heads for decades, but finally, we are starting to get some answers. Here is the story so far.
Despite the many groundbreaking medical advances of the last century, there are still some conditions that continue to perplex scientists.
Vaping causes severe illness in otherwise healthy young adults and teenagers. It causes a life-threatening, life-shortening and sometimes deadly lung toxicity and injury — with apparently irreversible damage that cannot be cured
It’s hard to find anyone who hasn’t been touched by cancer. People who haven’t had cancer themselves will likely have a close friend or family member who has been diagnosed with the disease.
A 42-year-old man – a father, a husband, a son – has come to the emergency department with a splitting headache. It’s been there for months, slowly getting worse.
"Before the stroke, Ted was all business. Very serious. Since he’s recovered, he’s got such a sense of humor. He’s come almost 180 degrees now. He’s so much funnier, and all his humor—his dry sense of humor—has come out. It never came out before the stroke."
At any one time, more than 1,400 Australians are on an organ transplant waiting list. The most common organs in demand are kidneys, followed by the liver and lung.
Some of the changes that happen to a woman’s body during pregnancy are more obvious than others.
Strides in medicine have contributed to a dramatic increase in life expectancy over the last century.
Two long-standing psychological theories – the empathising-systemising theory of sex differences and the extreme male brain theory of autism
There’s a connection between post-traumatic stress disorder and the onset of mild cognitive impairment in 9/11 responders who were at the World Trade Center, a new study of 1,800 workers shows.
A test called CT lung cancer screening could save the lives of tens of thousands of American smokers and former smokers every year, but only only 4% of those eligible are getting it.
Falling asleep is a bit like flicking off a light switch. One moment we are awake, but then the switch is flicked and we fall asleep.
Physicians often fail to discuss healthy lifestyle changes with cancer survivors, according to a new study.
Married people are less likely to experience dementia as they age, according to new research.
Advanced brain imaging reveals how exposure in the womb to organophosphates changes brain activity in teenagers, a new study shows.
African-Americans with severe depression are more likely to be misdiagnosed as having schizophrenia, according to a new study.
Nearly all of us feel a little blue or a little down every now and then. It happens. Occasional temporary feelings of sadness are a natural part of life. However if you frequently feel this way, or if the feelings are excessive, you may be suffering from depression.
Chronic pain – acute pain that lasts for longer than three months – affects around one in five people in Europe.
Alcoholic drinks should all carry calorie counts according to a leading UK public health doctor writing in the BMJ today, because of their contribution to obesity.
AreMelanoma skin cancer is the fifth most common cancer – with 16,000 cases diagnosed and 2,400 deaths every year in the UK.
The idea of seeing a loved one decline and lose their ability to recall their most treasured memories is devastating.
Viruses are mostly known for their aggressive and infectious nature. It’s true, most viruses have a pathogenic relationship with their hosts – meaning they cause diseases ranging from a mild cold to serious conditions.
People with type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk of getting cardiovascular diseases, including heart attack and stroke
Melanoma is a potentially deadly form of skin cancer linked to overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun.
Many pregnant women find themselves waking up in the middle of night to go the bathroom (for the third time) or struggling to find a comfortable sleep position.
Fainting, also known as syncope, is the sudden loss of consciousness. In most cases, fainting is not dangerous — unless it is complicated by a fall or other injury — and the person recovers quickly.
Despite risks and no clear benefits, doctors are increasingly likely to recommend antihistamines for children under the age of 12 who have a cold, according to a new study.
Researchers have sequenced the genome of an animal that carries the bacteria that cause Lyme disease. It’s not a tick, but the white-footed mouse.
Dry, moist, productive, hacking, chesty, whooping, barking, throaty. These are just some of the terms people use to describe their cough.
As humans, we may feel rather lucky about our evolutionary lot. We live longer than many other animals, and lifespans continue to increase thanks to better diets, advances in medicine and improved public health.
Two people in Victoria and New South Wales have died after eating smoked salmon contaminated with listeria, health authorities report. Both were over 70 and had underlying health conditions.
Unwanted facial and body hair can affect the way we feel, our social interactions, what we wear and what we do. Options to camouflage or remove unwanted hair include plucking, shaving, bleaching, using creams and epilation. Longer-term options include electrolysis and laser therapy. So what is laser therapy? What can it achieve? And what are the side-effects?
Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer is the tenth most common cancer in the UK and is difficult to treat. Current treatments are invasive and often have unpleasant side effects. The cancer also has a high recurrence rate – often returning in a more aggressive form.
Intelligence and education may offer a cognitive “head start” that could keep the minds of people with Alzheimer’s functioning better temporarily, research finds.
If you want to reduce your risk of getting Alzheimer’s disease, there is no end of advice on the internettelling you how to do it: keep your blood pressure and blood sugar in check, lose weight, exercise more, avoid getting type 2 diabetes.
Do we have to "put reality on the back burner" to have fun? That's what it seems like. After all, with all the problems in the world and all the stress in our lives, escaping reality seems to be required. Our current life circumstance is putting pressure on us to...
You probably know someone with diabetes, as it is an increasingly common disease.
CBD, or cannabidiol, is everywhere, with word on the street saying that it can cure everything from a bad mood to cancer.
Scientists might have found an early detection method for some forms of dementia, according to new research.
Concussion is a temporary disturbance in brain function following an impact to the head. It can also occur after a blow to the body, if the force is transmitted to the head.
The adrenal glands are responsible for our “fight or flight” response to stress. When stress is prolonged and the adrenals are forced to work overtime, they can become exhausted, leading to what is commonly called adrenal fatigue or adrenal weakness.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the main cause of blindness in Australia. One in seven people aged over 50 have some signs of macular degeneration.
Pain is an inherent protective device that nature has given us. It is sometimes difficult to acknowledge the value of pain while one is experiencing its wrath. Still, pain is absolutely essential for the survival of the human species. Among other benefits...
In 2019, geeks are cool, and the idea that they might be on the autism spectrum is celebrated. Nowhere is this truer than in Silicon Valley, one of the few places in America where social quirkiness and laser focus attention to detail are more often rewarded than criticized.
Extracts from the seeds of the Ginkgo biloba tree show antibacterial activity on pathogens that can cause skin infections such as acne, psoriasis, dermatitis, and eczema, a new study finds.
Motherhood can be a source of joy, but it can also pose difficulties and challenges – particularly, in the postnatal period. It is a time when some mothers’ emotional and physical endurance is pushed to the limit.
Adults are sitting more than ever, and few pay attention to how they sit throughout the day. Take a moment to think about all the reasons we sit. First off, you’re probably sitting while reading this
Symptoms that commonly accompany fatigue include the inability to think clearly, sleep disturbances, constipation, apathy, depression, swollen glands, and difficulty reading.
A combination of two topical creams already shown to clear precancerous lesions from sun-damaged skin also lowers the risk that patients will later develop squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, according to a new study.
A large study of more than 1,200 patients provides important predictors of Parkinson’s disease progression, report researchers. Previous research has found close correlation among REM sleep disorder, Parkinson’s disease (PD), and related diseases such as Lewy body dementia and multiple system atrophy.
Neural glitches in the sleep-deprived brain can intensify and prolong the agony of sickness and injury, research finds. The findings, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, help explain the self-perpetuating cycles contributing to the overlapping global epidemics of sleep loss, chronic pain, and even opioid addiction.
During the first weeks of the new year, resolutions are often accompanied by attempts to learn new behaviors that improve health.
Older people who spend less time in slow-wave sleep—the deep sleep you need to consolidate memories and wake up feeling refreshed—have higher levels of the brain protein tau, a new study shows.
A pregnant woman’s high blood sugar level is linked to a significantly greater long-term risk of obesity in her child—even more than a decade later, a new study reports. The higher the woman’s blood sugar, the greater the risk of her child being obese.
Upon receiving a cancer diagnosis, you may find yourself facing this frightening experience without any knowledge or understanding of how best to help yourself. The sheer volume of information that is now available about cancer and various treatment options can make the aftermath of diagnosis even more distressing for you and your family.
We will present medications that have been identified as possibly causing temporary or permanent memory impairment. If you find that you are taking some of these medications, it is best to consult your physician and ask about alternative medications that might be available.
There are many influences that increase or decrease your risk of heart disease, but, like so many issues in medicine and science, there is probably more controversy than agreement on what exactly individuals should do to help themselves live longer, healthier lives.
Scientists have discovered a lone mutation in a single gene that causes an inherited form of frontotemporal dementia makes it harder for neurons in the brain to communicate with one another, leading to neurodegeneration.
Allergies are reactions caused by the immune system as it responds to environmental substances that are usually harmless to most people.
So, you’re going on a date and you’re understandably a bit nervous. And then you feel it– a churning and cramping in your gut.
In the past, indeed until quite recently, people with IBS had appendix removals, intensive abdominal investigations, major gynecological operations, numerous x-rays, and prescriptions for a whole range of pills and potions to rid them of the strange collection of symptoms we now recognize as Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Last summer, a research group from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) quietly published the results of a new approach in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.
There are times in a person’s life when specific events can have long-term implications on their future health. Pregnancy is one of those times – when major and dramatic changes occur within a woman’s body composition in a short period of time.
Diabetes is the seventh-leading cause of death in the U.S., with about 30.3 million adults having the disease. One in 4 adults does not even know he or she has diabetes.
In an analysis of global research, we recently found that children with the most frequent type of arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), have abnormally low vitamin D blood levels.
The process of shedding the uterine lining with vaginal bleeding every month has an obvious reproductive focus, but it has also long been linked with changes to mood and behaviour. Unfortunately, this has often been an attempt to consign women to a “biologically” determined place of inferior mental functioning.
Though most college students typically don’t intend to drink alcohol to the point that they “black out,” many don’t fully grasp what specific drinking behaviors present the greatest risk, a new series of studies finds.
Manipulating environmental exposures to optimize a healthy microbiome may hold the promise of preventing chronic inflammatory diseases, such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Deaths in children from asthma are growing at an alarming rate. One can't help but wonder if the powerful steroidal drugs that are used to control symptoms and that also suppress immune function play an important role in this death toll. Don't let this type of drug abuse hurt your family. Seek out alternatives and consider these strategies.
As the population grows older, more and more people are using a combination of drugs to treat multiple conditions. This can lead to interactions and side effects that we all need to be aware of.
Alcoholic drinks should all carry calorie counts according to a leading UK public health doctor writing in the BMJ today, because of their contribution to obesity. Fiona Sim, Chair of the UK Royal Society for Public Health, writes that while adults who drink may be getting as much as 10% of their daily calories from alcohol, most people are unaware drinking contributes to their energy intake.
Fear is the major ingredient of pain. It is what makes pain hurt. Take away the fear and only feeling is left. In the mid-1970s, in a poor and remote forest monastery in northeast Thailand, I had a bad toothache. There was no dentist to go to, no telephone, and no electricity. We didn't even have any aspirin...
Adam was fortunate to survive a major car accident three years ago. He was in hospital for several months but had no ongoing physical injuries. He looked like he made a full recovery. But he was argumentative, childish, vulgar and his family said he “was not the same person”. Adam had a severe traumatic brain injury.
Chances are, this question "Why do I feel so tired?" has crossed your mind more than once... You felt the wave of fatigue come crashing over your body, and the question hit you like a ton of bricks. But having neither the energy to figure out why nor the time to let yourself be tired, you grabbed another cup of coffee...
Schizophrenia is one of the most widely misunderstood of human maladies. The truth of the illness is far different from popular caricatures of a sufferer muttering incoherently or lashing out violently.
Anyone who came of age in the 1990s might remember the “Friends” episode where Phoebe and Rachel venture out to get tattoos. Spoiler alert: Rachel gets a tattoo and Phoebe ends up with a black ink dot because she couldn’t take the pain.