Herbal Guide

A guide to herbs, with their natural food sources, content, and uses.

 

HERBS & THEIR USES

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

A

ALFALFA

Source

Flowers, leaves, petals, sprouts. Alfalfa sprouts are a good source since vitamins are present only in fresh, uncooked alfalfa.

Content

Alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, calcium, chlorophyll, copper, essential amino acids, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, protein, sodium, sulfur, zinc, vitamins A, B-complex, C, D, E, K.

Uses

Alkalizes and detoxifies the body. Diuretic, anti-inflammatory, cholesterol reducer, hormonal balancer, antifungal. Enhances the function of the pituitary gland. Helpful for anemia and ulcers, and also disorders related to: bleeding, bones and joints, colon, digestive, skin.

ALOE VERA

Source

Pulp from insides of succulent leaves.

Content: 

Anthroquinone, glucomannan, magnesium lactate, polysaccharides

Uses

Used topically, heals burns and wounds; stimulates cell regeneration; and. Has astringent, emollient, antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral properties. Used internally, soothes stomach irritation, aids in healing, and has laxative properties.

ANISE

Source

Seeds.

Content

Alpha-pinene, creosol, dianethole, essential oils, proanethole.

Uses

Indicated for respiratory infections such as sinusitis. Combats infection and relieves mucus from air passages. Good digestion aid. Helpful during menopause. Increases milk production in nursing mothers.

ASTRAGALUS

Source

Roots.

Content

Betaine, B-sitosterol, choline, dimethoxyisoflavone, glucoronic acid, kumatakenin, sucrose.

Uses

Tonic to the immune, adrenal, and digestive system. Raises stamina and energy to fight fatigue. Stimulates metabolism, produces spontaneous sweating, promotes healing. Good for colds, flu, and immune-deficiency related problems, including AIDS, cancer, tumors as well as chronic lung weakness. If you have a fever, do not use.

B

BARBERRY

Source

Bark, berries, roots.

Content

Berbamine, berberine, berberrubine, columbamine, hydrastine, jatrorrhizine, manganese, oxycanthine, palmatine, vitamin C.

Uses

Reduces heart rate, breathing, bronchial constriction. Do not use if pregnant. Promotes intestinal movement. Kills bacteria on skin.

BAYBERRY

Source

Root bark.

Content

Acrid and astringent resins, albumin, berberine, essential oil, gum, lignin, mycricic acid, mtricinic acid, starch, sucrose, tannic and gallic acids.

Uses

Indicated for circulatory disorders, fever, hypothyroidism, ulcers, eyes and immune system. Clears congestion, assists circulation, lowers fever. Astringent. Helps stop bleeding.

BILBERRY

Source

Entire plant.

Content

Fatty acids, flavonoids, hydroquinone, iron, loeanolic acid, neomyrtillin, sodium, tannins, ursolic acid.

Uses

Helps control insulin levels. Diuretic. Antiseptic for the urinary tract. Indicated for: hypoglycemia, inflammation, stress, anxiety, night blindness, cataracts. Strengthens connective tissue. When taken internally can interfere with iron absorption

BIRCH

Source

Bark, leaves, sap.

Content

Betulin, creosol, creosote, guaiacol, methyl salicylate, phenol.

Uses

Diuretic, anti-inflammatory, pain reliever. Helpful in joint pain and urinary tract infections. Used externally, good for boils and sores.

BLACK COHOSH

Source

Rhizomes, roots.

Content

Actaeine, cimicifugin, estrogenic substances, isoferulic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, pantothenic acid, phosphorus, racemosin, tannins, triterpenes, vitamin A.

Uses

Indicated for: blood pressure, cholesterol, mucus production, cardiovascular & circulatory disorders, arthritis, poisonous snake bites, relieving hot flashes, menstrual cramps, morning sickness, pain. Induces labor and aids in childbirth, so should not be used during pregnancy until needed for delivery.

BLACK WALNUT

Source

Husks, inner bark, leaves, nuts.

Content

Ellagic acid, juglone, mucin

Uses

Assists digestion and healing of mouth or throat sores. Cleanses the body of some parasites. Also indicated for bruising, fungal infection, herpes, poison ivy, and warts.

BLESSED THISTLE

Source

Various parts.

Content

Cincin, essential oils.

Uses

Anti-inflammatory, circulatory aid, blood purifier, liver healer, and heart strengthener. Increases appetite and stomach secretions. Has been recommended as a brain food. Good for female disorders and increases milk flow for nursing mothers. May produce toxic skin effects, so handle carefully.

BLUE COHOSH

Source

Roots.

Content

Calcium, coulosaponin, folic acid, gum, inositol, iron, leontin, magnesium, methylcystine, pantothenic acid, phosphoric acid, phosphorus, potassium, salts, silicon, starch, vitamins B3 and E.

Uses:. 

Indicated for memory problems, menstrual disorders, nervous disorders, and muscle spasms. Helpful for childbirth as it stimulates uterine contractions. Do not use in first sixth months of pregnancy.

BONESET

Source

Flower petals, leaves.

Content

Essential oils, eupatroin, resin, sugar, tremetrol, wax.

Uses

Laxative. Anti-inflammatory. Indicated for bronchitis and fever-induced aches and pains. Helps clear congestion, loosen phlegm, reduce fever, increase perspiration, and calm the body. Can become toxic with long-time use.

BORAGE

Source

Leaves, seeds.

Content

Calcium, essential oil, gamma-linolenic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, mucilage, oleic acid, palmitic acid, potassium, tannins.

Uses

Tonic for adrenals. Balances glands. Contains valuable minerals and essential fatty acids helpful to cardiovascular function and healthy skin and nails.

BUCHU

Source:

Leaves. (Leaves should not be boiled.)

Content

Barosma camphor, diasmin, essential oils, l-enthone, hesperidin, mucilage, resin acid, linolenic acid, mucilage.

Uses

Anti-inflammatory for the colon, gums, mucous membranes, prostate, sinuses, and vagina. Indicated for bladder and kidney problems, diabetes, digestive disorders, fluid retention, and prostate disorders. Particularly helpful for bladder infections.

BURDOCK

Source

Roots, seeds.

Content

Arctiin, biotin, copper, essential oils, inulin, iron, manganese, sulfur, tannins, zinc, vitamins B1, B6, B12 and E.

Uses

Blood purifier, restores liver and gallbladder function, stimulates immune system. Good for skin disorders (i.e. boils and carbuncles). Relieves gout symptoms.

BUTCHERS BROOM

Source

Seeds, tops.

Content

Alkaloids, hydroxytyramine, ruscogenins.

Uses

Anti-inflammatory. Good for bladder, kidney, and circulatory disorders. Indicated for carpal tunnel syndrome, edema, Menieres disease, obesity, Raynauds phenomenon, thrombophlebitis, varicose veins, and vertigo.

C

CALENDULA

Source

Flower petals.

Content

Carotene, calenduline, lycopine, saponin, resin, essential oil.

Uses

Anti-inflammatory. Reduces fever. Indicated for neuritis and toothache. Assists in regulating the menstrual cycle. Useful for skin disorders, such as rashes, sunburn, diaper rash.

CASCARA SAGRADA

Source

Bark

Content

Anthraquinone, B-complex vitamins, calcium, cascarosides, essential oils, inositol, manganese, potassium.

Uses

Colon cleanser. Laxative. Indicated for colon disorders, constipation, and parasitic infestation.

CATNIP

Source

Leaves.

Content

Acetic acid, biotin, buteric acid, choline, citral, dipentene, essential oils, folio acid, inositol, lifronella, limonene, manganese, nepetalic acid, pantothenic acid, para-aminobenzoic acid, phosphorus, sodium, sulfur, valeric acid, vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, and B12

Uses

Reduces fever (catnip tea enemas work especially quickly). Stimulates appetite, digestion and slee; relieves stress, anxiety, inflammation, pain, and stress. Indicated for colds and flu. Cats love it.

CATS CLAW
(UNA DE GATO)

Source

Inner bark, roots.

Content

Plant sterols, polyphenols, proanthocyanidins, oxindole alkaloids, quinovic acid glycosides, triterpenes.

Uses

Intestinal cleanser, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, enhances white blood cell action. Indicated for intestinal problems and viral infections. May be helpful for AIDS, arthritis, cancer tumors or ulcers. Do not use when pregnant.

CAYENNE
(RED PEPPER)

Source

Berries.

Content

Apsaicine, capsacutin, capsaicin, capsanthine, capsico, cobalt, folic acid, pantothenic acid, para-aminobenzoic acid, zinc, vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, and C.

Uses

Helpful for digestion, circulation, arthritis, rheumatism, colds, sinus infections, and sore throats. Stops bleeding from ulcers. A tonic for the heart, kidneys, lungs, pancreas, spleen, and stomach. Good for pain when applied topically. Enhances the effect for other herbs.

CEDAR

Source

Leaves, tops.

Content

Borneal, bornyl acetate, camphor, flavonoids, isothujone, mucilage, tannins, thujone.

Uses

Antiviral, antifungal, stimulates immune system, increases venous blood flow. Expectorant, lymphatic cleanser, urinary antiseptic. Use externally for warts.

CELERY

Source

Juice, roots, seeds.

Content

B-complex vitamins, iron, vitamins A and C.

Uses

Antioxidant, sedative, reduces blood pressure, relieves muscle spasms, improves appetite. Recommended for arthritis and kidney problems. Use sparingly while pregnant.

CHAMOMILE

Source

Various parts.

Content

Antheme, anthemic acid, anthesterol, apigenin, calcium, chamazulene, essential oils, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, tannic acid, tiglic acid, vitamin A.

Uses

Anti-inflammatory, diuretic. Stimulates appetite, digestion, and sleep. Indicated for colitis, diverticulosis, fever, headaches, and pain. Has a long history of use for stress and anxiety, indigestion, and insomnia. Can be used as a nerve tonic.

CHAPARRAL

Source

Leaves

Content

Nordihydroquaiaretic acid, sodium, sulfur, zinc.

Uses

Free radical scavenger. pain reliever. Protects against radiation and sun exposure. Good for skin disorders. Reduces formation of tumors and cancer cells.

CHICKWEED
(STARWEED)

Source

Various parts.

Content

Biotin, choline, copper, inositol, para-aminobenzoic acid, phosphorus, potash salts, rutin, silicon, sodium, vitamins B6, B12, C, and D. Good source of vitamin C and other nutrients.

Uses

Indicated for bronchitis, circulatory problems, colds, coughs, skin diseases, and warts. Reduces mucus in the lungs.

CINNAMON

Source

Bark

Content

Cinnamic aldehyde, essential oils, eugenol, metholeugenol, mucilage, sucrose, starch, tannin.

Uses

Indicated for: diarrhea, nausea, congestion, peripheral blood circulation, digestion, fat metabolism, digestive problems, diabetes, weight loss, yeast infection, uterine hemorrhaging, fungal infections. Use sparingly during pregnancy.

CLOVE

Source

Flower buds, essential oil.

Content

Caryophylline, eugenol, eugenyl acetate.

Uses

Antiseptic, antiparasitic, digestive aid. Essential oil (diluted) is applied topically for relief of toothaches.

COMFREY
(KNITBONE)

Source

Leaves, roots.

Content

Allantoin, consolidine, mucilage, phosphorus, potassium, pyrrolizidine, starch, tannins, vitamins A, C and E.

Uses

Helps the healing of wounds and skin conditions. Helpful for: bedsores, bites and stings, bruises, inflamed bunions, bums, dermatitis, dry skin, bleeding hemorrhoids, leg ulcers, nosebleeds, psoriais, scabies, skin rashes, sunburn. Not recommended during pregnancy.

CORN SILK

Source

Stamens.

Content

Alkaloids, cryptoxanthin, fluorine, malic acid, oxalic acid, palmitic acid, panthothenic add, resin, saponins, silicon, sitosterol, tartaric acid, vitamin K.

Uses

Diuretic. Helpful for the bladder, kidneys, and small intestine. Can be used with other kidney herbs to open the urinary tract and remove mucus from the urine. Useful for bed-wetting, carpal tunnel syndrome, edema, obesity, premenstrual syndrome, and prostate disorders.

CRANBERRY

Source

Juice from berries.

Content

Alpha D-mannopyranoside, vitamin C. A good source of vitamin C.

Uses

Recommended in cases of urinary tract infections as it acidifies the urine and prevents bacteria from adhering to the bladder.

D

DAMIANA

Source

Leaves.

Content

Arbutin, chlorophyll, damianian, essential oils, resin, starch, sugar tannins.

Uses

Energy tonic and aphrodisiac. Stimulates muscular contractions of the intestinal tract. Brings oxygen to the genital area. Recommended for sexual and hormonal problems and as a sexual tonic for women.

DANDELION

Source

Leaves, roots, tops

Content

Bioflavonoids, biotin, calcium, choline, fats, folic acid, gluten, gum, inositol, inulin, iron, lactupicrine, linolenic acid, magnesium, niacin, pantothenic acid, para-aminobenzoic acid, phosphorus, potash, proteins, resin, sulfur, zinc, vitamins A, B1 B2 B6 B12 C, and E.

Uses

Diuretic. Bloodstream and liver cleanser. Increases bile production. Reduces serum cholesterol and uric acid. Tonic for kidneys, pancreas, spleen, and stomach. Recommended for abscesses, anemia, boils, breast tumors, cirrhosis of the liver, fluid retention, hepatitis, jaundice, rheumatism. Has been said to help prevent age spots and breast cancer.

DONG QUAI
(ANGELICA)

Source

Roots.

Content

Alcohols, cadinene, carotene carvacrol, coumarin, essential oil, isosafrol, safrol, sesquiterpenes, sucrose vitamins A, B12 and E.

Uses

Stimulates the effects of ovarian and testicular hormones. Recommended for female problems: premenstrual syndrome, hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms, and vaginal dryness.

E

ECHINACEA
(CONEFLOWER)

Source

Leaves, roots.

Content

Arabinose, betaine, copper, echinacen, echinacin B, echinacoside, echinolone, enzymes, fructose, fatty acids, galactose, glucose, glucuronic acid, inulin, inuloid, iron, pentadecadiene, polyacetylene compounds, polysaccharides, potassium, protein, resin, rhamnose, sucrose, sulfur, tannins, xylose, vitamins A, C, and E.

Uses

Anti-inflammatory. Antiviral. Stimulates certain white blood cells. Enhances immune and lymphatic system. Useful for colic, colds, flu, and other infectious illnesses. Helpful for snakebite.

ELDER

Source

Berries, flowers, inner bark, leaves, roots. Stems contain cyanide and can be toxic.

Content

Anthocyanin, B-complex, vitamins, calcium, carbohydrates, fat, itydrocyanic acid, potassium protein, rutin, sambucine, tannic acid, tyrosin, vitamins A and C.

Uses

Antioxidant. Cleanses the system. Recommended for: constipation, inflammation, fevers, poor circulation, respiratory problems. Helpful in building up blood, immune system, and perspiration. Flowers are useful in soothing skin irritations.

EPHEDRA
(MA HUANG)

Source

Stems

Content

Essential oil, saponins, ephedrine and other alkaloids.

Uses

Decongestant, appetite suppressant. Assists in fluid elimination, relieving bronchial spasm, and central nervous system stimulation. Recommended for: allergies, asthma, colds, and other respiratory complaints, as well as for depression and obesity. May decrease and elevate mood. Not to be used in cases of panic attacks, glaucoma, heart disease, high blood pressure, or in combination with MAO inhibitor drugs prescribed for depression.

EUCALYPTUS

Source

Bark, essential oil, leaves.

Contents

Aldehyde, biter resin, eucalyptol, tannins.

Uses

Antiseptic (mild). Good for colds, coughs and other respiratory problems. Clears congestion. Reduces swelling by increasing blood flow. Relaxes tired and sore muscles. Recommended for external use only.

EYEBRIGHT

Source

Entire plant except root.

Content

Bitters, essential oils, inositol, pantothenic acid, para-aminobenzoic acid, sulfur, tannins, vitamins A, B3, B12, C, D, E.

Uses

Used as eyewash. Eases discomfort from eye strain or minor irritations. Recommended for: allergies, itchy and/or watery eyes, runny nose.

F

FALSE UNICORN ROOT
(HELONIAS)

Source

Roots.

Content

Chamaelirin, fatty acids.

Uses

Balances sex hormones. Recommended for: infertility, menstrual irregularities and pain, premenstrual syndrome, prostate disorders. Helpful in preventing miscarriage.

FENNEL

Source

Berries, roots, stems.

Content

Anethole, calcium, camphene, cymene, chlorine, dipentene, essential oils, fenchone, limonene, oleic acid, petroselinic acid, phellandrene, pinene, 7-hydroxycoumarin, stigmasterol, sulfur, vitamins A and C.

Uses

Appetite suppressant. Eyewash. Tonic for kidneys, liver, spleen. Useful for acid stomach and clearing the lungs. Reduces abdominal pain, colon disorders, gas, and gastrointestinal tract spasms. Recommended after chemotherapy and/or radiation treatments.

FENUGREEK

Source

Seeds.

Content

Biotin, choline, essential oils folic acid, inositol, iron, lecithin mucilage, pantothenic acid para-aminobenzoic acid phosphates, protein, trigonelline, trimethylamine, vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, D

Uses

Laxative. Reduces fever and mucus. Good for inflammation, lung disorders, eyes, asthma and sinus problems.

FEVERFEW

Source

Bark, dried flowers, leaves.

Content

Bormeol camphor parthenolide, pyrethrins, santamarin, terpene.

Uses

Increases fluidity of lung and bronchial tube mucus, promotes menses, stimulates the appetite, and stimulates uterine contractions. Good for arthritis, colitis, fever, headaches, menstrual problems, muscle tension, pain. Promotes strong bones, nails, and teeth, as well as healthy skin. Useful for colon problems, female disorders, and inflammation.

FLAX

Source

Seeds, oil from seeds.

Content

Beta-carotene, glycosides, gum, linamarin, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, mucilage, oleic acid, protein, saturated acids, tannins, wax, vitamin E.

Uses

Recommended for: colon problems, female disorders, and inflammation. Good for bones, nails, teeth, healthy skin.

G

GARLIC

Source

Bulb.

Content

Allicin, allyl disulfides, calcium, copper, essential oils, germanium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phytoncides, potassium, phosphorus, selenium, sulfur, unsaturated aldehydes, zinc, vitamins A, B1, B2 and C. High fiber.

Uses

Detoxification, infection protection, immune enhancement. Lowers blood pressure, improves circulation, lowers blood lipid levels. Recommended for: arteriosclerosis, arthritis, asthma, cancer, circulatory problems, colds, flu, digestive problems, heart disorders, insomnia, liver disease, sinusitis, ulcers, yeast infections.

GENTIAN
(BITTER ROOT)

Source

Leaves, roots.

Content

Gentiamarin, gentiin, gentisin, mesogentiogenin, protogentiogenin, sugar, xanthone pigment.

Uses

Helpful for: digestion, circulation, gastric secretions, pancreatitis, and parasitic infection. Kills plasmodia (malaria causing organisms) and worms, and stimulates appetite.

GINGER

Source

Rhizomes, roots.

Content

Acrid resin, bisabolene, boreal, borneol, camphene choline, cineole, citral, essential oils, folic acid, ginerol, inositol, manganese, pantothenic acid, para-aminobenzoic acid, phellandrene, sequiterpene, silicon, zingerone, zingiberene, vitamin B3.

Uses

Antioxidant, antimicrobial effect on sores and wounds. Colon cleanser, reduces spasms and cramps, stimulates circulation. Recommended for: bowel disorders, circulatory problems, fever, hot flashes, indigestion, morning sickness, motion sickness, nausea, and vomiting.

GINKGO

Source

Leaves.

Content

Ginkgolides, heterosides.

Uses

Recommended for: asthma, eczema, heart and kidney disorders, depression, headaches, memory loss, and tinnitis (ringing in the ears). Increases cerebral and peripheral blood flow, circulation, and oxygenation thus improving brain functioning and relieving leg cramps.

GINSENG
(Siberian, American, Korean,  Chinese)

Source

Roots.

Content

Arabinose, calcium, camphor, eleutherosides, gineosides, iron, mucilage, panaxosides, resin, saponin, starch, vitamins A, B1, B12 and E.

Uses

Recommended for: adrenal and reproductive glands, immune function, lungs, appetite stimulation, bronchitis, circulation, diabetes, infertility, lack of energy, stress, cocaine withdrawal, protection against the effects of radiation exposure, overall body strengthening. Not suggested for people with hypoglycemia, high blood pressure, or heart disorders.

GOLDENSEAL

Source

Rhizomes, roots.

Content

Albumin, B-complex vitamins, berberine, biotin, calcium, candine, chlorine, choline, chologenic acid, essential oils, fats, hydrastine, inositol, iron, lignin, manganese, para-aminobenzoic acid, phosphorus, potassium, resin, starch, sugar, vitamins A, C, and E

Uses

Antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial. Tonic for: colon, liver, pancreas, spleen, lymphatic and respiratory systems, digestion. Recommended for disorders affecting the bladder, prostate, stomach, or vagina. Cleanses mucous membranes, and regulates menses. Decreases infection, uterine bleeding, inflammation, ulcers, and any infectious disease, lowers blood pressure, stimulates central nervous system. Good for colds, flu, or sore throat. Cleanses the body, increases the effectiveness of insulin, strengthens the immune system. Not to be used during pregnancy.

GOTU KOLA

Source

Nuts, roots, seeds.

Content

Catechol, epicatechol, magnesium, theobromine, vitamin K.

Uses

Suggested for: cardiovascular and circulatory disorders, heart and liver function, fatigue, connective tissue disorders, kidney stones, poor appetite, sleep disorders. Eliminates excess fluids, decreases fatigue and depression, increases sex drive, shrinks tissues, stimulates the central nervous system. May neutralize blood acids and lower body temperature.

GRAVEL ROOT
(joe-pye weed, queen-of-the-meadow)

Source

Flowers, roots.

Content

Euparin, eupurpurin.

Uses

Diuretic. Helpful for: urinary tract, prostate disorders and problems related to fluid retention.

GREEN TEA

Source

Leaves.

Content

Bioflavonoids, caffeine, catechins, epigallocatechin, flavonoids, fluoride, garlic acid, polyphenols, tannins, theophylline, vitamin C.

Uses

Reduces risk of esophageal, stomach, colon, and skin cancer, delays the onset of arteriosclerosis, offsets mental fatigue. Use sparingly during pregnancy or while nursing.

H

HAWTHORN

Source

Berries, flowers, leaves.

Content

Anthocyanin-type pigments, choline, citric acid, cratagolic acid, flavone, flavonoids, folic acid, glycosides, inositol, pantothenic acid, para-aminobenzoic acid, purines, saponins, sugar, tartaric acid, vitamins B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B6 (pyridoxine), B12, and C.

Uses

Recommended for: anemia, cardiovascular and circulatory disorders, immune system, dilating coronary blood vessels, cholesterol, and heart muscle.

HOPS

Source

Berries, flowers, leaves.

Content

Asparagine, choline, essential oil, humulene, inositol, lupulin, lupulinic acid, lupulon, manganese, para-aminobenzoic acid, picric acids, resin, vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine).

Uses

Helpful for: anxiety, cardiovascular disorders, hyperactivity, insomnia, nervousness, pain, restlessness, sexually transmitted diseases, shock, stress, toothaches, ulcers.

HOREHOUND

Source

Flowers, leaves.

Content

B-complex vitamins, essential fatty acids, essential oils, iron, marrubiin, potassium, resin, tannins, vitamins A, C, and E.

Uses

Recommended for: hay fever, sinusitis, respiratory disorders, bronchial tubes and lungs. Boosts the immune system.

HORSETAIL
(bottle brush, shavegrass)

Source

Stems.

Content

Aconitic acid, calcium, copper, equisitine, fatty acids, fluorine, nicotine, pantothenic acid, para-aminobenzoic acid, silica, sodium, starch, zinc.

Uses

Diuretic. Recommended for: arthritis, bone diseases such as osteoporosis and rickets, bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, edema, gallbladder disorders, inflammation, muscle cramps, and prostate disorders. Increases calcium absorption, promotes healthy skin, strengthens bone, hair, nails, and teeth. Promotes healing of broken bones and connective tissue. Used in poultice form to depress bleeding and accelerate healing of burns and wounds. Strengthens the heart and lungs.

HYDRANGEA

Source

Roots. (Leaves contain cyanide and can be toxic.)

Content

Essential oil, hydrangin, resin, saponin

Uses

Diuretic. Recommended for bladder infection, kidney disease, obesity, and prostate disorders. Combined with gravel root, good for kidney stones.

HYSSOP

Source

Aerial parts.

Content

Diosmine, essential oil, flavonoids, marrubin, tannins.

Uses

Recommended for: circulatory problems, epilepsy, fever, gout, weight problems, congestion, blood pressure, and dispelling gas. Used externally, helpful for wound healing. Poultices made from fresh green hyssop help to heal cuts.

I

IRISH MOSS

Source

Entire plant.

Content

Amino acids, bromine, calcium, carrageenan, chlorine, iodide, iron, manganese salts, mucins, protein, sodium.

Uses

Recommended for many intestinal disorders (assists in the formation of stools). Used in skin lotions, and hair rinses for dry hair.

J

JUNIPER

Source

Berries.

Content

Alcohols, cadinene, camphene, essential oils, flavone, resin, sabinal, sugar, sulfur, tannins, terpinene.

Uses

Diuretic. Recommended for: asthma, bladder infection, fluid retention, gout, kidney problems, obesity, prostate disorders, inflammation, congestion, regulation of blood sugar levels.

K

KAVA KAVA (KAVA)

Source

Roots.

Content

Demethoxyangonin, dihydrokawin, dihydromethysticin, flavorawin A, kawain, methysticin, starch, yangonin.

Uses

Diuretic. Genito-urinary antiseptic. Recommended for: anxiety, depression, insomnia, ,stress-related disorders, urinary tract infections, physical and mental relaxation.

L

LAVENDER

Source

Flowers.

Content

Essential oil, geraniol, linalol, 1-linalyl acetate.

Uses

Recommended for: burns, headaches, psoriasis, skin problems, stress, depression. Beneficial for the skin.

LEMON-GRASS

Source

Various parts.

Content

Essential oils, citronellal, methylneptenone, terpene, terpene alcohol.

Uses

Astringent. Tonic. Good for skin and nails.

LICORICE

Source

Roots.

Content

Asparagine, biotin, choline, fat, folio acid, glycyrrhizin, gum, inositol, lecithin, manganese, pantothenic acid, para-aminobenzoic acid, pentacyclic terpenes, phosphorus, protein, sugar, yellow dye, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, and E.

Uses

Recommended for: allergic disorders, asthma, chronic fatigue, depression, emphysema, fever, herpes virus infection, hypoglycemia, inflammatory bowel disorders, colon cleansing, decreasing muscular spasms, increasing fluidity of mucus in the lungs and bronchial tubes, promoting adrenal gland function. Has estrogen- and progesterone-like effects; may change the pitch of the voice. Stimulates the production of interferon.

LOBELIA
(INDIAN TOBACCO)

Source

Flowers, leaves, seeds.

Content

Alkaloids, chelidonic acid, isolobeline, lobelic acid, lobeline, selenium, sulfur.

Uses

Recommended for: asthma, bronchitis, colds and flu, cardiovascular disease, epilepsy, pain, and viral infection. Serves as a cough suppressant and relaxant that aids in hormone production and reduces cold symptoms and fever. Should be used with caution.

M

MARSHMALLOW

Source

Flowers, leaves, roots.

Content

Diuretic. Expectorant. Asparagine, coumarin, fat, flavonoids, mucilage, pectin, polysaccharides, salicylic acid, tannins.

Uses

Recommended for: bladder infection, digestive upsets, fluid retention, headache, intestinal disorders, kidney problems, sinusitis. sore throat. Soothes and heals skin, mucous membranes, and other tissues, externally and internally.

MILK THISTLE
(Mary thistle, wild artichoke)

Source

Fruits, leaves, seeds.

Content

Silymarin (a flavonoid with antioxidant ability).

Uses

Antioxidant (prevents free radical damage, protects the liver). Recommended for: kidneys, adrenal disorders, inflammatory bowel disorders, weakened immune system, liver disorders (such as jaundice and hepatitis, psoriasis). Contains potent liver protecting substances. Stimulates production of new liver cells and prevents formation of damaging leukotrienes.

MULLEIN

Source

Leaves.

Content

Aucubin, choline, hesperidin, magnesium, pantothenic acid, para-aminobenzoic acid, saponins, sulfur, verbaside, vitamins B2, B12, and D.

Uses

Laxative, painkiller, and sleep aid. Recommended for: asthma, bronchitis, difficulty in breathing, earache, hay fever, swollen glands. Used in kidney formulas to soothe inflammation. Gets rid of warts.

MUSTARD

Source

Seeds.

Content

Myrosin, sinalbin, sinapine.

Uses

Improves digestion and fat metabolism. Recommended (externally) for: chest congestion, inflammation, injuries, joint pain. Can be irritating directly applied to skin.

MYRRH

Source

Resin from stems.

Content

Acetic acid, essential oils, formic acid, myrrholic acids, resin.

Uses

Antiseptic. Disinfectant. Deodorizer. Fights mouth bacteria. Recommended for: bad breath, periodontal disease, skin disorders, and ulcers.

N

NETTLE
(STINGING NETTLE)

Source

Flowers, leaves, roots.

Content

Calcium, chlorine, chlorophyll, formic acid, iodine, iron, magnesium, potassium, silicon, sodium, sulfur, tannin, vitamins A and C. Contains vital minerals.

Uses

Diuretic, expectorant, pain reliever, tonic. Recommended for: anemia, arthritis, hay fever and other allergic disorders, kidney problems, malabsorption syndrome, goiter, inflammatory conditions, mucous conditions of the lungs.

O

OAT STRAW

Source

Whole plant

Content

Alkaloids, carotene, gluten, flavonoids, saponins, starch, steroidal compounds, vitamins B1, B2, D, and E.

Uses

Antidepressant, restorative nerve tonic. Recommended for: bed-wetting, depression, skin disorders, insomnia. Promotes sweating.

OREGON GRAPE

Source

Roots.

Content

Alkaloids, berberine, oxycanthin.

Uses

Blood purifier, liver cleanser. Recommended for: skin conditions from acne to psoriasis.

P

PAPAYA

Source

Fruit, inner bark, stems.

Content

Amyolytic enzyme, caricin, myrosin, peptidase, vitamins C and E.

Uses

Indicated for: heartburn, indigestion, inflammatory bowel disorders, appetite stimulation.

PARSLEY

Source

Berries, roots, stems.

Content

Apiin (parsley camphor), apiol, bergaptein, calcium, fatty oil, essential oils, furanocumarin bergapten, iodine, iron, isoimperatorin, mucilage, myristicene, petroselinic acid, phosphorus, pinene, potassium, vitamins A and C.

Uses

Recommended for: bed-wetting, fluid retention, gas, halitosis, high blood pressure, indigestion, kidney disease, obesity, prostate disorders, expelling worms, relieving gas, stimulating digestive system, freshening breath. Tonic for: bladder, kidney, liver, lung, stomach, an thyroid. Prevents the multiplication of tumor cells.

PASSION-FLOWER
(MAYPOP)

Source

Plant, flower.

Content

Aribine, ethylmaltol, flavonoids, harmaline, harman, harmine, harmol, loturine, maltol, passiflorine, yageine

Uses

Sedative. Recommended for: anxiety, hyperactivity, insomnia, neuritis, stress-related disorders. Use sparingly during pregnancy.

PAU DARCO
(LAPACHO, TAHEEBO)

Source

Inner bark.

Content

Lapachol.

Uses

Antibacterial, blood cleanser, healer. Indicated for: candidiasis, smokers cough, warts,infection, AIDS, allergies, cancer, cardiovascular problems, inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatism, tumors, ulcers.

PEPPERMINT

Source

Flowering tops, leaves.

Content

Essential oils, menthol, menthone, methyl acetate, tannic acid, terpenes, vitamin C.

Uses

Indicated for: chills, colic, diarrhea, headache, heart trouble, indigestion, nausea, poor appetite, rheumatism, spasms.

PLANTAIN

Source

Leaves.

Content

Glycosides, minerals, mucilage, tannins.

Uses

Indicated for: (internally) lungs, urinary tract, bed-wetting; (poultice) bee stings, insect bites; (topically) sores, wounds.

PRIMROSE
(EVENING PRIMROSE)

Source

Oil from seeds

Content

Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), linoleic acid.

Uses

Recommended for: alcoholism, arthritis, hot flashes, menstrual problems (cramps, heavy bleeding), multiple sclerosis, weight loss, skin disorders, high blood pressure. Promotes estrogen.

PUMPKIN

Source

Seed.

Content

B vitamins, essential fatty acids, protein, zinc.

Uses

Indicated for: prostate.

R

RED CLOVER

Source

Flowers.

Content

Biotin, choline, copper, coumarins, folic acid, glycosides, inositol, isoflavonoids, magnesium, manganese, pantothenic acid, selenium, bioflavonoids, zinc, vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B12 and C.

Uses

Antibiotic. Indicated for: bacterial infections, HIV and AIDS, inflamed lung and bowel disorders, kidney, liver, skin disorders, immune system. Suppresses appetite, purifies blood, relaxes.

RED RASPBERRY

Source

Bark, leaves, roots.

Content

Calcium, citric acid, essential oils, iron, magnesium, malic acid, manganese, pectin, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, silicon, sulfur, tannic acid, vitamins B1, B3, C, D, and E.

Uses

Recommended for: diarrhea, canker sores, intestinal spasms, female disorders (morning sickness, hot flashes, menstrual and uterine cramps, heavy menstrual bleeding, strengthening uterine walls), healthy nails, bones, teeth, and skin,.

RHUBARB

Source

Roots, stalks.

Content

Flavone, garlic acid, glucogallin, palmidine, pectin, phytosterol, rutin, starch, tannins.

Uses

Antibiotic. Recommended for: gallbladder, spleen, liver, constipation, malabsorption, parasites, worm elimination, duodenal ulcers, colon disorders. Dont use while pregnant.

ROSE

Source

Fruit (hips).

Content

Bioflavonoids, citric acid, flavonoids, fructose, malic acid, sucrose, tannins, zinc, vitamins A, B3, C, D, E.

Uses

Indicated for: infections, diarrhea, bladder problems.

ROSEMARY

Source

Leaves.

Content

Bitters, borneol, camphene, camphor, camosic acid, carnosol, cineole, essential oils, pinene, resin, tannins.

Uses

Astringent, decongestant, anticancer, antitumor, stomach relaxer. Indicated for: headaches, high/low blood pressure, circulation, digestion, menstrual pain, liver toxicity. Fights bacteria.

S

SAGE

Source

Leaves.

Content

Camphor, estrogenic substances, flavonoids, resin, salvene, saponins, tannins, terpene, thujone, volatile oils.

Uses

Recommended for: central nervous system, digestion, reducing sweating and salivation, hot flashes, estrogen deficiency, mouth and throat problems (tonsillitis). Promotes hair growth. Decreases milk production in nursing mothers.

ST. JOHNSWORT

Source

Flowers, leaves, stems.

Content

Essential oils, glycosides, hypericin, pseudohypericin, resins, rutin and other flavonoids, tannins.

Uses

Indicated for: depression, nerve pain, viral infections (including HIV and herpes).

SARSAPARILLA  
(Chinese root, small spikenard)

Source

Roots.

Content

Copper, essential oil, fat, glycosides, iron, manganese, parillin, resin, saponins, sarsaponin, sitosterol stigmasterin, sodium, sugar, sulfur, zinc, vitamins A and D.

Uses

Diuretic. Hormone regulator. Recommended for: frigidity, hives, impotence, infertility, nervous system disorders, premenstrual syndrome, blood impurities, low energy. Protects against radiation.

SAW PALMETTO

Source

Berries, seeds.

Content

Capric, caproic, caprylic, lauric, oleic, and palmitic acids; resin.

Uses

Diuretic. Urinary antiseptic. Indicated for: poor appetite, prostate disorders, sexual function and desire.

SKULLCAP

Source

Aerial parts.

Content

Fat, glycoside, iron, volatile oil, sugar, tannins, vitamin E.

Uses

Recommended for: barbiturate addiction, drug withdrawal, stress, anxiety, fatigue, cardiovascular disease, headache, hyperactivity, nervous disorders, rheumatism, circulation, insomnia, muscle cramps, pain, spasms, strengthening of heart muscle.

SLIPPERY ELM
(Moose elm or red elm)

Source

Inner bark.

Content

Bioflavonoids, calcium, mucilage, phosphorus, polysaccharides, starch, tannins, vitamin K.

Uses

Indicated for: diarrhea, ulcers, colds, flu, sore throat, stomach, urinary tract, inflamed bowel mucous membranes.

SQUAWVINE
(PARTRIDGE BERRY)

Source

Leaves and stems

Content

Alkaloids, glycosides, tannins.

Uses

Indicated for: pelvic congestion, nervous system, menstrual cramps, childbirth preparation.

SUMA
(BRAZILIAN GINSENG)

Source

Bark, berries, leaves, roots.

Content

Albumin, allantoin, beta-ecdysome, germanium, malic acid, essential oils, pfaffic acid, six saponins (called pfaffosides A, B. C, D, E, and F), sitosterol, stigmasterol, tannins.

Uses

Recommended for: anemia, fatigue, stress, immune system, AIDS, cancer, liver disease, high blood pressure.

T

TEA TREE

Source

Essential oil.

Uses

Antibacterial, antifungal. Recommended for: disinfecting wounds, skin conditions (acne, athletes foot, cuts, scrapes, fungal infection, herpes outbreaks, insect and spider bites, scabies, vaginitis, warts). Diluted: gargle for colds and sore throats; douche for yeast infections.

THYME

Source

Berries, flowers, leaves.

Content

B-complex vitamins, borneol, cavacrol, chromium, essential oils, fluorine, gum, iron, silicon, tannins, thiamine, thyme oil, thymol, triterpenic acids, vitamins C and D

Uses

Antiseptic. Recommended for: croup and other respiratory problems, fever, headache, liver problems, cholesterol, scalp itching and flaking caused by candidiasis. Eliminates gas and reduces mucus.

TURMERIC

Source

Rhizomes.

Content

A-atlantone, curcumin and related phenolic diarylheptanoids, curcuminoids, essential oils, turmerone, zingiberene.

Uses

Antibiotic, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant. Indicated for: liver, cholesterol, platelet aggregation inhibition.

U

UVA URSI
(BEARBERRY)

Source

Leaves.

Content

Arbutin, chlorine, ellagic acid, ericolin, garlic acid, hydroquinolone, malic acid, methyl-arbutin, myricetin, volatile oils, quercetin, tannins, ursolic acid, ursone.

Uses

Diuretic. Helps disorders of the. Indicated for: spleen, liver, pancreas, small intestine, bladder and kidney infections, diabetes, prostate disorders, weak heart muscle.

V

VALERIAN

Source

Rhizomes, roots.

Content

Acetic acid, butyric acid, camphene, chatinine, essential oils, formic acid, glycosides, magnesium, pinene, valeric acid, valerine.

Uses

Sedative. Indicated for: anxiety, fatigue, high blood pressure, insomnia, irritable bowel syndrome, menstrual cramps, muscle cramps, nervousness, pain, spasms, stress, ulcers, circulation, mucus from colds.

W

WHITE OAK

Source

Bark.

Content

Calcium, cobalt, iron, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, sulfur, vitamin B12

Uses

Antiseptic. Recommended for: bee stings, burns, diarrhea, nosebleed, poison ivy, varicose veins, teeth, skin wounds. Use in enemas and douches.

WILD YAM

Source

Rhizomes.

Content

Alkaloids, dioscin, diosgenin, phytosterols, starch, steroidal saponins, tannins.

Uses

Anti-inflammatory. Indicated for: gallbladder, hypoglycemia, kidney stones, female disorders (PMS, menopause), muscle spasms, promoting perspiration. Is said to have effects similar to progesterone hormone.

WILLOW

Source

Bark

Content

Isorhamnetin, phenolic glycosides, quercetin, salicin, salieylic acid, salinigrin.

Uses

Pain reliever. Indicated for: headache, backache, nerve pain, toothache, injuries.

WINTERGREEN

Source

Leaves, roots, stems.

Content

Gaultherin (composed of 90% methyl salicylate - similar to aspirin), gaultherase, glycoside, mucilage, tannins, wax

Uses

Pain reliever, anti-inflammatory. Recommended for: arthritis, headache, toothache, muscle pain, rheumatism.

WITCH HAZEL

Source

Bark, leaves, twigs.

Content

Bitters, calcium oxalate, essential oils, gallic acid, hamamelitannin, hexose sugar, tannins.

Uses

Astringent. Indicated for: itching, hemorrhoids, phlebitis, skin care.

WOOD BETONY
(BETONY)

Source

Leaves.

Content

Magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, tannins.

Uses

Recommended for: cardiovascular disorders, hyperactivity, neuritis, heart stimulation, muscle relaxation.

WORMWOOD

Source

Leaves, tops.

Content

Absinthol, acetylene, artemisic ketone, essential oils, flavonoids, lignin, phenolic compounds, pinene, thujone.

Uses

Sedative. (Caution: can be addictive.) Indicated for: vascular disorders, migraine, intestinal parasites, fever, expelling worms, increasing stomach acidity. Do not use while pregnant - can produce spontaneous abortion.

Y

YARROW
(SOLDIERS HERB)

Source

Berries, leaves.

Content.: 

Achilleic acid, achilleine, caledivain, volatile oils, potassium, tannins, vitamin C.

Uses

Anti-inflammatory, diuretic. Indicated for: fever, colitis, viral infections, mucous membranes, bleeding problems (improves blood clotting), increases perspiration.

YELLOW DOCK
(Curled Dock, Sad Dock)

Source

Leaves, roots.

Content

Chrysarobin, iron, manganese, potassium oxalate, rumicin.

Uses

Blood purifier/cleanser, tonic. Indicated for: anemia, liver, colon, skin disorders (eczema, hives, psoriasis, rashes.

YERBA MATE 
(Mate, Paraguay tea, S. American holly)

Source

All parts.

Content

Chlorophyll, iron, pantothenic acid, trace minerals, vitamins C and E.

Uses

Blood cleanser. Indicated for: allergies, constipation, inflammatory bowel disorders, nervous system, appetite control, aging, cortisone production, mind stimulation.

YUCCA

Source

Root.

Content

Saponin.

Uses

Blood purifier. Indicated for: arthritis, osteoporosis, inflammation.

 

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