More than 225,000 people develop dementia every year – that’s roughly one person every three minute. At the moment, 850,000 people in the UK are living with dementia. This figure is set to rise to two million by 2051.
The trillions of bacteria living in our gut (called the gut microbiota) can help determine our risk of cancer, as well as how we might respond to cancer treatment.
There have been some noteworthy examples of successful human aging in the press recently.
Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after dementia, affecting more than ten million people worldwide. In Australia alone, more than 70,000 people have the disease – that’s one in every 340 Australians.
There are almost weekly alerts of the global threat of antibiotic resistance. They are often abstract and difficult for patients and GPs to relate to.
Doctors request a urine test to help diagnose and treat a range of conditions including kidney disorders, liver problems, diabetes and infections. Testing urine is also used to screen people for illicit drug use and to test if a woman is pregnant.
Postmenopausal women at the highest genetic risk for fractures benefit the most from hormone therapy, research shows.
A set of snap-together glasses will help doctors demonstrate the effects of diabetic retinopathy, an eye disease that can result from uncontrolled diabetes and lead to blindness.
Gut bacteria could influence whether or not babies survive infections of the digestive system, new research with mice suggests.
As people with hearing loss work to improve their speech recognition, a familiar voice may work better than a generic one, research shows.
If you see a female friend or colleague sitting in front of a desk fan in winter while everyone else is shivering in sweaters, chances are she is having a hot flush, courtesy of the menopause.
Two years ago, former President Barack Obama announced the Precision Medicine initiative in his State of the Union Address.
A small number of people—about 6 percent—who had not been taking opioids before an operation, but got them to ease post-surgery pain, are still taking painkillers three to six months later. That’s long after what is considered normal for surgical recovery.
Too much of either positive or negative stress can result in stress overload, commonly known as "burnout." Burnout occurs when you blow your circuits and feel physically and emotionally exhausted. If you strive endlessly to meet unrealistic expectations...
Imagine a world where you could take just a single pill for the treatment or prevention of several age-related diseases.
People with symptoms of depression may not feel like socializing, but doing something fun with friends can improve mood, a new study shows.
Doxycycline is a cheap, widely available antibiotic. It is used to treat everything from acne to urinary tract infections.
What the hell is that? Scientists ask this question every day when trying to work out how different living things are related to each other.
It’s easy to be confused about how to treat a jellyfish sting. Is it best to use grandfather’s slurry of bicarbonate of soda or a douse of vinegar?
Drinking tea reduces the risk of cognitive impairment by 50 percent—and as much as 86 percent for older adults who have a genetic risk of Alzheimer’s disease
Specific patterns of activity on brain scans may help clinicians identify whether psychotherapy or antidepressant medication is more likely to help a patient recover from depression.
Continuing or initiating cigarette use after stopping the use of illicit drugs is linked to an increased likelihood of substance use relapse, research shows.
Gum disease and tooth loss may be associated with a higher risk of death among postmenopausal women, according to a new study.
A blood test that helps screen for prostate cancer is still common, but conversations between patients and doctors about the pros and cons of the screening are not.
People who feel lonely are likely to think their cold symptoms are more severe than those who have strong friendships and social networks.
When you think of someone with autism, what do you think of? It might be someone with a special set of talents or unique skills
Older adults who have fallen for scams by friends, relatives, or strangers behave just as their peers who have avoided rip-offs do
We need to say, as Nancy Reagan said, ‘Just say no.’ to drug laws.
Breast cancer death rates overall have steadily declined since 1989, leading to an increased number of survivors.
Food scarcity and poor oral health are the major causes that lead older adults suffering from malnutrition
Today, almost two in every three Australian adults are overweight or obese, as is one in four children.
Too few older adults make end-of-life medical decisions ahead of time—and even when they do identify a loved one to make decisions for them, their wishes may remain unclear.
The first person to identify the effects of chronic stress was Hungarian scientist Hans Selye. From Selye’s point of view, stress itself was neither good nor bad—it was simply challenging. He believed that without any stress at all, life would be pretty boring...
Scientists say removing ovaries during a hysterectomy could increase a woman’s risk for heart disease, cancer, and premature death.
People have long been fascinated with sleepwalkers — by those who roam during the night without awareness, climbing out of windows, walking down the street, urinating in a cupboard, or moving furniture.
Healthy cell function relies on well orchestrated gene activity
Older people in nursing homes or aged care facilities are often locked up “for their own safety”
The woman suffered two strokes in succession. The first was minor and her condition improved quickly. The second came on suddenly and was more severe.
When you think of paranormal experiences it often conjures images of ghosts, aliens or witchcraft.
Public understanding of the needs of military veterans has focused largely post-traumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injuries, suicide rates, and poor conditions at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center.
Estimates suggest that patients receive topical antibiotics for 40 percent of eczema flares, but a new study suggests there is no meaningful benefit from the use of either oral or topical antibiotics for children who are clinically infected with the condition.
The current prognosis for pancreatic cancer is so poor that a UK cancer charity has warned more than 11,000 people are expected to die from the cancer by 2026, and that it will overtake breast cancer to become the fourth-biggest cancer killer.
A recent analysis of a massive study observing the effect of food on the health of nearly 200,000 American health professionals suggested eating more gluten was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
You may be familiar with the experience of a ringing sensation in your ears after a night out enjoying some good music. But what if you were to wake up in the morning and still have the ringing in your ears? And what if the ringing never stopped?
Exercise and/or psychological therapy work better than medications to reduce cancer-related fatigue and should be recommended first to patients, say researchers.
Older adults who go to the emergency department for an illness or injury are at increased risk for disability and decline in physical abilities up to six months later, research shows.
Cancer is among the leading causes of death worldwide. There were approximately 14m new cases diagnosed and 8.2m cancer related deaths in 2012.
Effective breast cancer treatment options are predictable based on the way certain genes act or express themselves, new research shows.
So, your doctor told you that you need insulin therapy for your Type 2 diabetes.
People taking heartburn drugs called proton pump inhibitors—Prevacid, Prilosec, Nexium, and Protonix—may not be aware of kidney damage linked to the medications, research suggests.
Would you want to know if you were at a higher risk of getting dementia later in life?
There’s no easy way to predict which teenager will become a problem drug user. While certain personality traits—impulsiveness for example—may signal danger, not every adolescent fits the description.
The world is getting fatter and it’s making us sicker. But could rising stress levels be playing an important role in our growing waistlines?
A brain-to-computer hookup recently allowed people with severe limb weakness to type via direct brain control at the highest speeds and accuracy levels reported to date.
Would you take a painkiller that had been developed from human saliva? A recent study suggests you might in future.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood physical disability, affecting more than 17 million people worldwide. The condition results when there is an injury to the developing brain that goes on to affect a child’s movement and posture...
A protein that appears to play a vital role in airway function is virtually missing in people who have asthma. The discovery points to a potential new treatment.
The proportion of deaths attributable to diabetes in the US is as high as 12 percent—three times higher than estimates based on death certificates suggest—a new analysis shows.
A new study with worms may help explain how diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s spread in the brain. Sometimes when neurons dispose of toxic waste, neighboring cells get sick.
Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer worldwide and the second biggest killer in the UK. However, most cases of heart disease can be prevented by managing risk factors.
Insects often scare or disgust us. But a small proportion of people don’t just experience normal fear.
We all know and hear a lot about postnatal depression, but what about depression and anxiety during pregnancy?
Under emotional distress, the brain may signal the adrenal glands to produce chemicals called corticosteroids. Cancer-related processes are accelerated in the presence of these chemicals. Certain cancers have also been associated with distressing life events.
Recent reports that cancer rates in UK women are set to rise six times faster than in men over the next two decades will have alarmed many.
How’s your back? About a quarter of Australia’s population experience a back pain episode at any point in time, and nearly all of us (around 85%) will have at least one lifetime experience with back pain.
As the baby boomer generation begins to age, the prevalence of both eye and ear disease will rise exponentially, as there is a strong correlation between vision loss, hearing loss and ageing.
Many of us do things we wish we would not do. We may compulsively eat sugary or fatty things, drink too much alcohol, become a zombie in front of the TV, or whatever. We may judge ourselves as “weak” or “lacking in willpower”, because of this. Maybe we...
As the world’s population lives longer, the significance of osteoporosis and fractures increases.
Pleasure and pain are always coming and going, fluctuating to and fro, sometimes only five minutes apart, doing “their thing” to this flesh-and-bone vehicle, inspiring all kinds of crazy thoughts in our thinking organ—the brain.
Mary Tyler Moore debuted on television in the 1950s, appearing in commercials that aired during a popular show.
New research reveals a new, menopause-specific indicator of heart disease risk—and suggests possible ways to reduce it.
Many infectious diseases are one and done—people get sick once and then they are protected from another bout of the same illness.
The nature of work in the gig economy - where workers have to support themselves and take on the risk associated with the job
The world’s population is ageing. The number of adults aged 65 and over is increasing, as is the proportion of the population they represent. However, there are a number of myths associated with what happens to our brain and bodies as we age.
If you’re offered a plate of blackened barbecue food this summer, you might think twice about eating it. It’s commonly thought that food that has been burnt could cause cancer.
Most of us worry about our health at some point. You may notice a new symptom or change in your body and become convinced it’s a sign of a horrible illness; a loved one might become ill and you might worry it may also happen to you.
As we reach adulthood, we notice changes in our bodies at every stage of ageing. We might find we need glasses when we hit our thirties, we can’t keep weight off as easily into our forties
Given recent events around the world, you could be forgiven for thinking that people have been acting in a very odd and unpredictable manner.
It is well known that high blood pressure is a risk factor for dementia, so the results of a new study from the University of California, Irvine, are quite surprising.
An estimated 400,000 Americans are currently living with multiple sclerosis, an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune cells attack a fatty substance called myelin in the nerves.
When George Michael died last year news reports all over the world announced the cause as heart failure. While they are all related to each other, “heart failure”, “heart attack” and “sudden cardiac arrest” are not synonyms.
People with schizophrenia tend to die up to 30 years earlier than the general population.
There’s nothing quite like the sound of snoring as the ultimate sleep interrupter.
It is common for individuals with autism to have a more intense reaction to stress, and some of these patients seem to experience frequent constipation, abdominal pain, or other gastrointestinal issues...
The anxiety many men experience after being diagnosed with prostate cancer may lead them to choose potentially unnecessary treatment options, researchers report.
No one wants to catch the flu, and the best line of defense is the seasonal influenza vaccine.
Scientists have discovered that a chemical compound—and potential new drug—reduces the spread of melanoma cells by up to 90 percent.
Cardiovascular deaths around the world, such as heart attacks and strokes, peak in January. Why this is the case has baffled scientists for some time, but new evidence is starting to unravel the mystery.
To make the most of your energy, look to nature as your guide. For example, for a plant to survive long term, it requires strong roots–ones that pull in nutrients and water from its environment and give it the strength to carry on.
Currently there is not a single test that can reliably and objectively diagnose concussions, but new research suggests measuring the brain’s response to sound could take the guesswork out of the diagnosis.
The phrase “emerging disease”, to describe an infectious disease that is new to humans or which is suddenly increasing its geographical range or number of cases, dates back to the 1960s.
People with diabetes are prone to foot disease, which can lead to amputations and even death.
Women with breast cancer cite “chemo-brain” as a substantial problem after chemotherapy for as long as six months after treatment, research shows.
The brain may not only control our thoughts and basic physical functions. Recent studies indicate that it also controls the way our body responds to the threat of bacterial infections.
It’s a long, hot summer’s day and you’re looking forward to an ice cream. But within seconds of your first bite, you feel a headache coming on: a brain freeze. What’s going on?
A tool that analyzes the expression patterns of four genes might help doctors predict if prostate cancer will reoccur following surgery.
When a girl’s breasts start growing early, it can be a sign she will develop certain diseases later in life. There is evidence of early puberty leading to increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease and cancer – particularly breast cancer.
Most women experience some type of morning sickness during pregnancy, but some women develop a far more serious condition, hyperemesis gravidarum.
A new study confirms that sense of smell declines sharply in the early stages of Alzheimer’s, which suggests a sniff test might be a helpful diagnostic tool.
Scientists are studying a small group of older adults with excellent memories called “supernormals” to determine their risk for Alzheimer’s.